Cheese - a living product, which is constantly developing lactic acid fungi and he, oddly enough, all the time breathing.
If it is wrong to pack it, then the natural fermentation process will be broken and cheese, then, you can even get poisoned!
The theme of today's article: how to store cheese in the refrigerator so that it does not mold and as long as possible retain its aroma and freshness.
1. How much cheese can be stored in the refrigerator?
2. How to store cheese without a refrigerator
3. Features of cheese storage in supermarkets
4. Can I freeze it?
5. Conditions and terms of cheese storage depending on its kind
How much cheese can be stored in the refrigerator?
When it comes to hard cheese, it is stored approximately 3-10 days, depending on how packed.
If you just put it in the refrigerator, wrapped in a plastic bag, it will begin to get covered sticky layer literally on the 4th day.
This is due to the fact that the cheese "suffocates". How exactly it is necessary to wrap it and at what temperature to keep it in the refrigerator, we will tell you below.
If we talk about soft or pickle cheeses, then the terms are completely different and it makes sense to consider storage conditions for each species separately. Because, some cheeses, for example, fused, are stored only 2 days, but suluguni in brine - a few weeks.
If you notice that mold has formed on the cheese, then we do not recommend you to cut it and then eat it. Since, mold penetrates very deeply and from the fact that you cut it, it will not go anywhere.
Somebody think, that mold is not only not dangerous, but even useful, since it is a natural antibiotic. No, it's not like that at all. Kinds of mold fungi - thousands, but useful ones are units.
And the damage of mold is that it releases mycotoxins, which provoke allergic reactions.
Also, in addition to gray-green mold, a white plaque may appear on the cheese, which appears due to the development of bacteria that multiply even faster than the fungus. Such a manifestation is a sign of a substandard product and there is definitely no value for it.
How to keep cheese without a refrigerator
It happens that at the most inopportune moment in the house a refrigerator breaks down, in which there are good and expensive products, in particular, cheese. How can you save it without a refrigerator?
There is such a way:
Cheese should be wrapped in cotton fabric, moistened with well-salted water and placed in a dark, maximally cool place.
Salt does not allow to start the molding process quickly, but in any case, it does not take more than two or three days. And be sure to rinse the slices before eating from excessive salt!
There are no other options, since cheese is a perishable product and it is better not to experiment, but rather to use it quickly.
And no food film here will help (although, for many other products, it turns out to be a real salvation), will only accelerate the spoilage process.
Why are the cheeses in the supermarket in the refrigerator without packaging and do not deteriorate?
At first, there they are very short-lived. You can not even imagine what the daily turnover of sales in large supermarkets.
And the second the fact that industrial refrigerators - showcases are very different from our home.
They exhibited not only the optimum temperature, but also humidity, which is not available for home appliances. In general, the optimal humidity for cheese storage is 50-70%, otherwise, they dry.
Is it possible to freeze cheese?
Sometimes, after the holidays, there is a lot of cheese sliced, which is already full already, and it's a pity to throw it out. And many people are visited by the thought: is it possible to store cheese in the freezer?
Yes, you can freeze the cheese. But, as you understand, this product will become less useful, because the low temperature will "kill" lactic acid bacteria. Taste and smell, but do not change at all. Unless, the consistency becomes more friable.
Features of storage of different types of cheeses
And now let's look at specific types of cheeses and how to store them.
Take into account that the optimal temperature in the refrigerator for dairy products, including cheese, is about 4-5 degrees.
And this means that you can not put it on a shelf that is close to the freezer, since the temperature is much lower there and because of this, the useful properties of the product are lost.
In general, the temperature in the refrigerator should be monitored and constantly regulated.
If there are few products there, then 5-6 degrees are kept, but if it is "stuffed" under the string, then the inside becomes much warmer and the cheese can not last even five days, even packed by all the rules.
Also, keep in mind that Any cheese, like a sponge, absorbs extraneous smells. Therefore, put it next to a smoked sausage or dried fish - you can not.
If it so happened that such foods are in your refrigerator, then you need to pack them as tightly as possible.
Hard cheese it is best to wrap in parchment paper (the one that is lined with a sheet for baking). This is the best option and nothing else can be advised. Here's how it looks in the photo:
This paper and air passes partially and does not allow the excess moisture to escape. Cheese dries very quickly, if you wrap it in plain paper or cloth. But in polyethylene it becomes sticky.
Under hard cheeses we mean not the hardest of them, like Parmezan. By the way, it remains fresh much longer. Speech about the Russian, Maasdam, Radomera and other common types.
Brine cheese varieties: brynza, feta (or other goat and sheep cheese), Suluguni, Halloumi, mozzarella, Adyghe etc.
Brine cheeses are sold in supermarkets in sealed packages that contain brine. After the autopsy, To store such cheese it is necessary in it, but preferably not more than three days.
As soon as you see that the brine becomes cloudy, you can drain it, rinse a piece of cheese with clean water and pour it with fresh saline solution. So it will stand a couple of days.
If you bought brine cheese in the market, then it is better to eat faster. And if, suddenly, you have a large piece of cheese, which you can not use for all your desires within three days, you should immediately place it in a glass or enameled container, bay brine.
Moreover, the more salty the solution, the longer the cheese will stay fresh. To get rid of excess salt afterwards, you just need to hold a piece of cheese in fresh milk.
Cheese with mold
The shelf life of cheese with mold is very small, up to five days.
But this species has a special feature: if it is left on the shelf open, cheese fungi can switch to other products, thereby causing premature spoilage.
Wrap such cheeses as well as hard cheese - in parchment paper.
You can also wrap it in foil, but in this case, it lasts for five days.
How much can soft cheese be stored? Also, about three days. Any soft cheese dries very quickly and is worn and this is its peculiarity.
For example, melted cheese without packaging is not possible and the day, the edges instantly wither and eat it will be unpleasant.
Therefore, if you opened it, but did not eat it immediately, be sure to wrap it again in foil or wax paper.
Cheese "Yantar" is easier to store, since it is sold in a package with a tight-fitting lid.
And in conclusion we'll tell you this: cheese is a very strange thing, if it is, then it is not immediately (c)!
Therefore, here's to you one last thing the most important liefak: Do not buy a lot of cheese, so as not to fool the head with proper storage, because a small piece of "go away" faster than it will spoil.