The theme of today's article: a kitchen-living room design of 20 sq. M, as well as real photos with zoning of the room and recommendations for arrangement.
We will not talk about ready-made studios of such a quadrature, but about small-sized apartments, in which the redevelopment is made through the unification of the kitchen and the living room.
- 1 The disadvantages of combining the kitchen with the living room
- 2 We demolish the wall: possible difficulties
- 3 How do you know whether a load-bearing wall or not?
- 4 What zones should be in the kitchen-studio?
- 5 Methods of zoning the room
- 6 Bar counter
- 7 Multi-level ceiling and floor
- 8 Arch with shelves
- 9 Features of lighting in the combined kitchen-living room
The disadvantages of combining the kitchen with the living room
The first thing we'll talk about is the downsides of this redevelopment.
Pros and so obvious: visual space and the possibility of creating a stylish environment.
But before deciding to take such a step, you should take into account all possible inconveniences, connected with reconstruction. What is it about?
The most important thing, probably this is that you are deprived of a whole room. That is, if before that your living room played the role of the living room, then it does not matter.
But, if there was a sofa on which you sleep, you should think about the fact that now the dream will be broken if the household members begin to visit the kitchen at night.
Besides, do not forget about the smells from cooking. No hood can cope with the consequences of frying fish, for example.
In this case, all textiles in the living room (curtains, upholstered furniture), smells absorb immediately, but it's not easy to weather them.
Also, do not forget about sounds:
- Working fridge
- Meat grinders
- Beats of a kitchen hammer on meat
- Flushing water while washing dishes
All this will be heard by those who are at the moment in the living room and peacefully watching television.
That is, he has nowhere to go, so you'll have to either just silently get angry or put the TV sound to the maximum, which can not but irritate the one who is preparing at the time.
Besides, there is one more thing, which can not be ignored: if in a separate kitchen it is possible to throw unwashed dishes until the morning, then in the case of an integrated room such a number will not work.
It's very unpleasant to sit in front of the TV and admire a mountain of dirty dishes.
So, do not get excited, but first consult with your family before such a serious repair.
We demolish the wall: possible difficulties
Not every wall can be demolished easily and simply.
If the house is brick, for example, Khrushchev, then there are no problems: the internal partitions there are easily demolished without any consequences and the bearing walls there - only the facade
But if the house is panel, then the matter is already more complicated. As a rule, in such houses the wall between the kitchen and the living room is concrete and at the same time is a carrier.
This means that it is based on blocks of overlap and if you remove this support, the multi-story building will eventually give a roll.
Bearing walls can not be demolished in no case!
In general, dismantling a concrete wall is not so easy, even partially. It is made only with the help of diamond cutting, which is not expensive and time-consuming.
But if you still really want to remove it, you will need to make strong reinforcements from metal channels.
Moreover, the wall still should not be removed completely.
In the places of its junction with the blocks of overlap it is necessary to leave a piece of concrete, which is strengthened from two sides with metal. Also, strengthening is done from the opposite side.
And for all this, you need a project and licensing documentation.
That is, you, of course, can make repairs without any permits, but then sell such an apartment later will not work. Better, it will, only you will pay for the redevelopment already at the sale.
How do you know whether a load-bearing wall or not?
The easiest way to find out whether the bearing wall is or not is to look at the technical passport, they are indicated by a thicker line there.
If you do not see the difference in the figure, then look at the ceiling. The bearing wall is always at the junction of the ceiling blocks.
True, this method can be used if there is not a thick layer of putty on the ceiling or another kind of finish that masks the seams.
You can still knock on the wall: if you feel a slight vibration and a hollow sound, then you can break the wall. And, if it is deaf and unrealistically hard, then it is better not to touch it.
What zones should be in the kitchen-studio?
Twenty square meters is not so little. It's easy to get lost, after the wall is already demolished.
Before you break the partition, you need to think about the future interior of the room, as this will determine how to do the dismantling: perhaps a part of the wall will have to be left.
For example, half a wall at the bottom, in order to place a bar counter there. Or, a piece of wall on the side, to form a figured dividing arch or shelves from it.
So, on which zones the combined kitchen studio is divided:
- Cooking area (kitchen): table top, sink, stove
- Dining area (dining room): table with chairs
- Living room (hall): sofa, armchairs, TV, coffee table, buffet with dishes or bookcase
In a word, everything that before stood in two separate rooms should fit.
But, if before the wall was demolished, it did not matter the combination of furniture in these two rooms, but now the circumstances have changed.
Interior items, furniture and the color of the walls should be in one style, otherwise, a harmonious form will not work.
Methods of zoning the room
The combination of two rooms must necessarily include any separator, otherwise the zones will visually merge.
Zoning kitchen - living room in several ways, which we will consider below. You can choose any of them, and also, they can really be combined with each other.
For example, you can make a bar counter, but at the same time add a step to the floor or shelf-separator on the edge of the wall.
In general, the options are just the sea. We will give you some ideas, and you already choose what and how you can combine.
We are sure that in our selection you will find something useful and an example of kitchen design - a living room, a cub size of 20 sq. M. m, photo with new items in 2016 - very useful in the planning stage.
Bar counter can be made long, almost the entire width of the kitchen, and can be half.
It depends on how many people live in the apartment and what functions it has.
When the wall is demolished, there is a kitchen - a dining room with two windows.
And in the space between them you can put or a dining table, or a bar, behind which you can eat.
If you do not have the goals to dine on it, then you can make it short on the other side. Then she will perform a more decorative role and visually divide the room.
The kitchen with a bar counter looks very stylish and modern.
Multi-level ceiling and floor
Also a good variant of zone separation. The ceiling on the kitchen area can be made of another material and lower it slightly lower than the ceiling in the living room. Then the room visually looks divided.
The same applies to sex. If you make a step that leads to the kitchen, then the space will no longer look united. Even better, if the flooring is of different colors and textures.
On the kitchen area - tiles, for example, and in the living room - a laminate or also tiles, but different colors.
Look at the photo, there are a lot of zoning options with the help of the levels:
Arch with shelves
The arch between the two rooms is also capable of visually dividing them. It can be made in any shape: semicircular, square, figured.
Very good, if on the edges of the arch there will be built-in shelves. On them you can put souvenirs, books or any decorative utensils.
The arch needs to be built from a material that matches the style of the interior.
If you have any country style, then the tree is preferable, and if modern, then plasterboard is more suitable.
Decorative dividers: plasterboard, wooden grilles, stained glass
They can be made as a part of a wall with shelves, or in the form of a ladder. The color scale and material of the manufacture of dividers must correspond to the overall design of the room.
Very good look plasterboard dividers, but consider that they are not very functional and durable. Over time, the corners must be cut off from the putty and exposed to the iron profiles, which are set to form corners.
Restoring gipsokartonnye partitions is not so simple, as these corners from the impacts are deformed. So, if you have the opportunity, immediately choose other options: wooden shelves, glass blocks, stained glass.
Features of lighting in the combined kitchen-living room
When the partition is removed, the room becomes larger. And because of the fact that now the walls do not reflect light, the two chandeliers will already be insufficient.
The best option is one lamp above each zone: above the kitchen, dining room and living room, otherwise it will be dull.
In conclusion, I would like to say: kitchen - studio is a good option, if you have in your stock there are separate bedrooms for all members of the family. And if they are not, then do not sacrifice comfort for the sake of beauty.