Small apartments typical building design is more difficult than a private house or a spacious new building. Many believe that their design maximum is a standard European-quality repair. Especially difficult with kitchens - their area rarely exceeds 6 squares. Think you can not do anything original in such a small room?
You are mistaken! We have prepared 15 ideas for the design of a small kitchen in Khrushchev - detailed tips and photos will clearly show how to turn it into a stylish and functional room.
It is important to remember that you have two tasks at once - not only to make beautiful repairs, but also to visually expand the space.
- 1 1. Demolish the walls
- 2 2. Combine with balcony
- 3 3. Remove the door
- 4 4. Working with the ceiling
- 5 5. Choose the color of the walls
- 6 6. Working with the window
- 7 7. Making the floor
- 8 8. Mask all unnecessary
- 9 9. Where to put the refrigerator?
- 10 10. What about the rest of the technique?
- 11 11. Determine with the headset
- 12 12. Transformers
- 13 13. Making the dining area
- 14 14. Dishes and Accessories
- 15 15. And finally ...
1. Demolish the walls
If you have 2 or 3 rooms, and the partition between the kitchen and one of them is not carrying, it can be removed. So you get a modern studio apartment. It's not just fashionable, but also convenient. In the kitchen area, all appliances will be placed, and the dining table will be placed on the vacant seat, making a dining room, combined with a living room.
The disadvantages of this solution are two: the work is noisy, long and quite expensive. Well, in a small one-room apartment, the decision is doubtful. However, the result is worth it, so if complicated repairs do not scare you - we recommend.
Important: Be sure to install a powerful hood. Otherwise, when cooking the aromas of food, the whole room will smell.
In some places there are recommendations to expand the area of the kitchen due to ... bathroom. We do not advise doing this - not only will the space gain be insignificant, but a similar process involves a number of problems. Honestly, the result is not commensurate with the efforts expended. Yes, and a tiny bathroom will be very tight.
2. Combine with balcony
Often in such apartments it is in the kitchen that there is an exit to the balcony. Use it wisely. If you demolish the wall, then you will get an additional place where you can place furniture. As an option, turn a window sill into a kind of table - for a couple of people this is quite enough.
In addition, you will have a beautiful panoramic window, which is often not even in the most modern buildings. Thanks to this, the room will be filled with light and will become more spacious both visually and in fact.
However, there is another option. For him, demolishing walls is not necessary. It is not very popular with us, but in European small-sized apartments it is used quite often.
Remove the window from the window opening, and the balcony itself is well insulated and glazed. So you get a kitchen with access to a separate dining room. For a tiny kitchen in Khrushchev it is a real luxury.
Of course, the loggias in such apartments also do not differ in size. But an additional space of 4 square meters will not hurt, right?
If you feel that there is no need in the dining room, a similar zone will still be useful. There you can take out a few more cabinets and cabinets, which will accommodate all the necessary trifles. This will make it possible not to overload the room visually, without refusing to do so in dishes and kitchen appliances, for the reasons "there is no place to put."
3. Remove the door
In fact, think about whether you need them. They take up space, deliver a certain inconvenience ... It is better to replace them with an arch, for example, gypsum plasterboard ..
So the kitchen will immediately look more spacious. However, in addition it will be necessary to spend on the hood - as in the first paragraph there is a risk that the smells spread over the territory of the kitchen.
If such a decision seems too bold to you, or you just do not like open spaces, think about a bamboo curtain or a sliding door-accordion.
Perhaps, this is the main possibility of redevelopment. However, there is a chance to do less radical measures. Let's see what we can give a qualitative repair of the kitchen.
4. Working with the ceiling
In conditions of small dimensions and a standard wall height of about 2.5 meters, it is important to find a solution that:
- will hide the wiring and communication;
- will not steal the height;
- it does not take much time and money.
Recommended single-level stretch ceiling - if you install it correctly, it will steal no more than 4-5 centimeters.
Still, as an option, you can make a ceiling of gypsum board, also in one level. But he will take about 7-10 cm. On the other hand, no one interferes with leveling, plastering and painting the base ceiling. Here you need to see what your conditions are.
5. Choose the color of the walls
A beautiful little kitchen is a reality. Correctly chosen colors for the kitchen in the Khrushchevka is no less important than the choice of materials for decoration or furniture.
Nothing particularly difficult here, if you are familiar with the basic rules for combining colors in the interior. Remember that light colors make the room visually larger, and dark ones - vice versa.
If you want a kitchen in a modern style in saturated dark colors, you need to very carefully approach the design project. We advise you to abandon the matte texture - a glossy luster can add a little space.
In addition, it is important to observe the balance - even those who decide to make a black kitchen, do not forget about the bright accents.
6. Working with the window
Even if you like design in a classic Victorian style, it is important to fill the room with plenty of light.
The design of the window is best done as minimalist as possible - so nothing will interfere with the sun's rays and the kitchen will seem more spacious.
Of course, it is optimal if there is an exit to the balcony. As we have already said, in this case, with certain efforts, you will get real panoramic windows. And useful, and beautiful - especially if the view behind the glass pleases.
Immediately I would like to say a few words about curtains. Do not try to fit into the interior of the massive drapes. Light curtains, not reaching to the floor, look at a small area where more advantageous.
If we talk about the option that we personally recommend, then it's roller blinds or blinds. They do not occupy volume even when folded, and this is important when every centimeter is valued.
7. Making the floor
It would seem, what is the fundamental difference in what material to use for finishing the floor? And yet it is.
We will not remind you of the banality that he should approach the chosen style of design. This is understandable and so.
But about the relevance of some coatings in kitchens a little more than 4 square meters, many manage to forget.
Let's take the popular parquet now. It requires an appropriate entourage, which is very difficult to create in a tiny room. Therefore, it will not look as good as it does in a spacious living room.
Laminate, linoleum in this respect is much preferable. In addition, it is important that the coating is not embossed - a smooth cloth reflects light, so that the area seems bigger.
8. Mask all unnecessary
Have you ever noticed that all kitchens in Khrushchev look almost identical? Especially touch the pipes near the oven and the column or boiler, which is traditionally placed above the sink.
The idea of hiding them may seem a little strange - why clutter the kitchen with additional cabinets or panels that will further steal space?
However, this solution is justified: if you need a beautiful small kitchen, you will have to achieve the most accurate appearance. Agree, the pipes and wires do not make the room cozier.
Actually, You can solve this problem in many ways. The already named panels will help close the gas pipes. Choose them in the color of the walls to make them as invisible as possible.
Interesting idea: If you do not want to disguise the pipes, make them part of the interior. Who said that they can not be painted or even painted? The main thing is that the idea is in harmony with your design.
Unfortunately, it's impossible to do this with a gas column or a boiler - it will require a special cabinet. It is important not to forget about safety - consult an expert to make sure that you do not create an emergency situation.
In any case, the resulting box will look much nicer than the technique on the wall. In addition, not the prettiest. Try to make it a part of the corner kitchen - so no one will even notice that one of the sectors of the headset is filled not with dishes or cereals, but with a boiler ..
We think, after this stage, the transition to choosing furniture as a whole will be logical. Let's see what should be done to make the kitchen cozy, while achieving a maximum of functionality.
9. Where to put the refrigerator?
Those who plan to fit everything in a small kitchen will have to think carefully over the project of the arrangement. Most often, questions arise when you need to decide how to deal with the refrigerator. Well, if you live alone and are used to the cost of the minimum - then you will be enough small-sized refrigerator to 60 centimeters in height, which will easily stand on the kitchen cabinet.
For those who do not like this option, there are other solutions. Think about the built-in refrigerator - harmoniously installed in the headset, it will take up less space. At least visually.
There is another way to make the kitchen more - to put the refrigerator out of the kitchen.
No, we do not at all urge you to do without this indisputably useful unit. However, if the possibilities actually expand the space you do not have, then you need to achieve this at least visually.
Did you notice that in the apartments on the standard project often in the corridor in front of the kitchen there is a small closet near the pantry? Just there and you can rearrange the refrigerator. Yes, you will have to take a few extra steps every time you need to take a product. But in the kitchen 5-6 square meters. The liberated centimeters 60 will become a real find.
Think about which of these methods is closest to you.
10. What about the rest of the technique?
Having dealt with two particularly problematic issues, we suggest deciding what to do with the rest of the gadgets.
The best solution is built-in appliances. So even the smallest kitchen will be beautiful and tidy. Try to choose devices of small dimensions.
Yes, many are tempted to buy a professional oven with many functions. But answer honestly, how often will you use most of them? Therefore, give preference to small-sized devices. They will not only take up less space - you will also save considerably.
Microwave, coffee maker, toaster, food processor, multivark ... Think about what you really need from this. Pay attention to the dimensions: the smaller, the better.
And think about where to hide what you do not use every day. In many such apartments there are mezzanines with access to them from the kitchen and the corridor - this is really convenient.
The main rule - all horizontal surfaces should be as free as possible. No clutter. This will save you permanent changes and facilitate the process of maintaining order in the kitchen.
11. Determine with the headset
No one will dare to argue that the choice of lockers and worktops is one of the most important aspects of decorating the kitchen. It affects not only the appearance of the room, but also the convenience of cooking, as well as the organization of storage.
First of all, remember that from elaborate complex sets will have to be abandoned. No, this does not mean that you have to buy faceless furniture from an unpainted PC and forget about stylish modern models.
On the contrary! Given that you are limited in size, everything should be as beautiful as possible. But here voluminous facades, stucco decorations - not the best idea. It will look ridiculous.
pay attention to glossy facades with a flat surface - thanks to their reflective properties, the room will seem bigger.
As for the placement of furniture - everything should be close to the walls. So in the center you will have free space. We recommend to look at successful examples with a photo in this article.
It is important a large number of lockers and shelves: then you do not have to wonder about how to fit everything you need.
If after re-planning you have a studio apartment, give preference to a direct headset - so you will create a separate kitchen area, which can be delimited, for example, by a bar counter.
Do not know how and what better to equip a small kitchen in Khrushchev? Pay attention to the multifunctional transforming pieces of furniture.
There are many options:
- Disguised as decorative panels shelves for spices or lids from pots;
- Retractable table-curbstone, turning into an additional working surface;
- Hidden fasteners for kitchen utensils under cabinets;
- Hidden under the table top.
All these hidden elements are not conspicuous and take up space until they are needed.
Most likely, such furniture will have to be bought to order. So if you want to equip the kitchen with maximum comfort, prepare to spend.
And, of course, do not forget about the quality - it's a shame if the hidden table refuses to leave because of cheap guides.
13. Making the dining area
However, this option is not everyone's liking. Many are accustomed to drinking tea or having dinner at a real dinner table covered with a tablecloth. Well, this option is also quite feasible. True, large large-scale models should be abandoned. However, this statement applies to chairs.
And here small round or square table - what you need. Do not know how to arrange furniture in such a limited space?
It does not matter if you have a headset or a corner sofa - the table should be located near a free wall.
Do not put it in the center, otherwise it will be inconvenient to walk around the kitchen.
We would advise all the same to take the dining area out of the kitchen, if possible. Or ... Use an alternative.
A good choice - flap. If you paint its lower part, then in the fastened form it will be an element of decor, and in the unfolded - a full table.
In the kitchen-studio this role can be performed, for example, bar counter - stylish and practical.
Well, it seems we have considered all the important aspects of decorating a small, but beautiful kitchen in a Khrushchev apartment. Or not?
14. Dishes and Accessories
Many underestimate their importance. But in a small kitchen to buy and arrange such trifles need to be approached with special care. If you have demolished the wall between the kitchen area and the room, then the room will be seen and guests.
Try to pick up kitchen utensils and small ornaments so that they are in harmony with the overall interior.
But remember that overloading the space is strictly not recommended. Therefore, follow this rule: there must be at the very least a minimum of stylish and quality things.
If the kitchen is mostly monophonic, such things can become a stylish bright brushstroke. Think about the current trends - Gzhel and Khokhloma come into fashion and help create an atmosphere.
Take the rest away to the closet. And do not forget to make two or three bright stylistic accents - they very much enliven even the smallest kitchen.
15. And finally ...
Whatever style of decoration you choose, whatever furniture you buy, remember the most important thing. A small room is a place where every detail is visible.
It is important to pay special attention to the maintenance of order: it is the storage of loose products, and the placement of dishes, and overall cleanliness. It's easy to do this with our recommendations, posted in a separate section.
Sure, if you follow these tips, you will get to make a beautiful and comfortable kitchen even in such cramped conditions.