The paneled interior doors are quite popular types of doors. Demand for them has increased significantly in recent years, and the variety of models is constantly increasing.
Before we talk about the main distinctive features of doors of paneled type, we should introduce the readers to the notion of a panel. This term is considered construction. A panel is a plywood or a board of small thickness, which is inserted into the opening of the frame. The wooden panel door was first made on the basis of this algorithm.
What details usually form the basis of such products? First of all, it is a frame made of wood, made of solid timber, but in some cases a glued beam can be used. Before the beginning of the manufacturing process, a scrupulous selection of wood is carried out, which is subsequently subjected to thorough drying. The frame is the four joint elements that make up the frame in its entirety. The inner area of the frame has several grooves in which the panel is built in.
Most often the frame section located at the bottom is wider than the parts of the lateral and transverse specimen. It is the basis for the whole design.
In general, there are two methods for installing panels:
- Elements are built into the area of the slots.
- They are fastened with the help of glazing beads of decorative appearance, some of them appear above the door plane. Such a scheme is used to change the panel easily and quickly if the glass surface is damaged.
To ensure maximum strength, as well as resistance to wear, the lower parts of individual models that are designed for open spaces are equipped with metal lining, stainless steel or aluminum. Copies of higher value may have plates of brass and bronze. Such precautions protect the installation from mechanical effects.
Varieties of doors from panels
The doors of this sample are divided on the basis of the material used into three main types:
- Filenchatye doors of pine or other soft wood species. Pine structures are considered the most common.
- Some doors are made on the basis of very valuable varieties of trees. The most popular in this category are hornbeam and oak. The fastening of panels in them occurs according to the spike-slot principle. Such designs are characterized by a high degree of strength.
- There are also combined types, for the creation of which wood derivatives are used: fiberboard, chipboard or plywood. In the upper part, they are laminated, and already on sale are doors, veneered on the basis of different wood shells. The space in the inner area of the frame itself can be empty or filled with honeycomb filler. Such doors are not expensive.
The last category of paneled doors is occupied by doors with glass. Embedded glass can have a variety of configurations and varieties.
Modern panel units are distinguished by a wealth of design embodiments: sizes, shapes vary greatly; many kinds are characterized by relief, carved style or painted. In many cases, the glasses turn out to be painted or act like stained glass.
There are also glasses with a matte finish. Filenka is considered the main decoration of door constructions. These elements make the doors more beautiful and aesthetic.
Advantages of doors paneled
This kind of door will always perfectly complement the interior thanks to a large number of positive characteristics. It does not matter if it's an apartment, an office or a dacha - the paneled structure will have a perfect place in any situation. Doors of panel type have a high level of strength, as well as a long shelf life.
Filenki not only bring some aesthetics to the interior (white panel doors are considered the most beautiful), they are also good from the practical side - the construction is sturdy and very rigid. With this system of connecting parts, there is only a tiny chance that the door installation will skew. More doors of panel type can boast excellent noise insulation and low weight.
The door can not dry out, even if the temperature regime changes abruptly or the moisture level rises. So aesthetics, resistance to the effects of the external environment are the main characteristic features of doors from the panel.
The most demanded types of finishing on the market is continuous finishing and contrasting. In the first variant, the panel structure is highlighted explicitly, having texture and color differences. The second option implies a similar design of the panel structure, as well as the frame.
The paneled doors are usually impregnated with antiseptics, as well as substances that prevent the appearance of the fungus. Still carried out the addition of compositions with refractory characteristics. This treatment excellently demonstrates the attractiveness of wood structure, than simple enamels can not boast of.
In some cases, antiseptics have pigments that affect multiple shades of wood coating. With this approach, the drawing will be more distinct and attract more attention. Previously, such a function was answered by stains or varnishes that changed color by carrying out a chemical reaction.
The customer is free to choose pigmentary shades that imitate any existing tree species.
However, this kind of compositions occupy only the upper layer, and if any traces of mechanical stress occur on the surface, a lower stratum with a brighter structure may appear. Thus, if you need to make a choice between a natural coating or a tinted one, you should familiarize yourself with this type of properties in advance.
Choice of doors
Do the right selection of doors from the panel is not as easy as it might seem. Aesthetic features are not the most important criterion for choosing an object, the more important is how reliable the product will be in operation.
For example, in urban apartments it is recommended to install door structures with an aluminum frame. If this is a dacha, then it is worth using a species created on the basis of a coniferous tree.
Consider the design of the finish itself. Standard decoration is acceptable for rooms with a classic interior. In the apartments most often installed doors from the solid pine.