The installation of the fence and the gate requires time, special knowledge and skills. However, if all the criteria are met and you decide to install the fences for the site yourself, you can not only save money, but work efficiently, quickly and in accordance with all norms. However, to carry out the fencing yourself, you will need to make strong and durable pillars for the gate. For their manufacture can use wood, metal, bricks or concrete. You can also install columns in various ways.
Types of poles for gates
The installation of the fence, gate and gate allows creating a feeling of coziness, comfort and protection. Regardless of the type of fence, high-quality and strong poles are required. For their manufacture, wood, brick, concrete and metal pipes are used. Particular attention should be paid to the support posts for the gate. The features of their installation depend on the choice of materials.
Pillars of wood
Wooden supports are installed under the gate of a grid or wood. Heavier and more powerful such designs will not be able to withstand. Before the installation of poles made of wood, it is necessary to remove the territory and mark it. In the established places it is necessary to dig holes, using a bur or shovels.
If you plan to install a temporary fence using wooden poles, it is recommended to wrap the support with a ruberoid. This is an excellent option for temporary construction, and for permanent it is recommended to use more reliable insulation.
Wooden poles for swing gates can be made more durable and durable. For this, the concrete should be concreted in the ground, and after hardening of the concrete it is necessary to make the anchorage of the support from the tree. In this case, the concrete pillow is raised above the ground. Before fastening the column, it is recommended to treat it with a means to protect against decay, moisture, temperature changes and insects. Thus, it will be possible to significantly extend the service life of the poles, but at the same time the installation costs will be slightly increased.
Iron supports are suitable for all types of doors and fastening methods. For this, as a rule, a metal pipe of different cross-section is used. For the installation of metal poles, it is necessary to mark out the territory, and then drill holes under the poles.
To increase the strength of the structure, metal supports are recommended to be welded together by means of rails from above and below. In addition, a deep concreting of the structure is required. To protect against corrosion, poles should be primed.
After that, you need to put the pillar in the pit, using the level. Concrete is used to fix the column. As an additional fastening, it is possible to connect vertical supports using a transverse lower beam. It is recommended to use welding for the connection. In addition, you can strengthen the structure of the upper crossbar, attaching it from above the supports.
Pillars made of bricks
Gates with brick pillars will be a wonderful decoration of the entrance to the house. If these are poles with a metal pipe installed inside, the design will be not only beautiful, but also extremely durable.
When installing poles of brick work is somewhat complicated. After cleaning and marking the territory, a foundation must be made. From how heavy and massive the brick pillars will be, the foundation will depend. When making a foundation, it is necessary to install metal pipes and concrete them. After that, the hinges for the crossbars need to be attached to the pipes.
And only after that you can start the installation of brick pillars. When working, it is important to constantly use the level. On the top of the pillar should be put on a special cap. It is used to protect brick pillars for gates from destruction, and also give them an exquisite appearance.
Pillars of concrete
Concrete pillars can be used even for the most massive and high gates. Such poles can not only be bought, but also made independently. For manufacturing, you need reinforcement and concrete.
The way to install such poles is no different from the installation of metal structures. However, in this case, a deeper concreting or laying of the strip foundation will be required. Pouring of concrete poles occurs at a depth of at least 1.2 meters. When working, it is important to constantly use the level so that the poles do not bend and lead to a drop in the gate.
Concrete pillars for gates can be of various shapes. In the poles holes for fastenings are drilled. After the installation of these gate poles, you can use any design, from wooden swing gates to heavy forged structures.
Features and methods of installation of columns for the gate
The choice of the method for installing the columns depends primarily on the type of soil. In the cold soils in the cold season, moisture in the soil freezes and expands, so the door supports can be squeezed out. This leads to the fact that the fence is cracking or falling. With
the onset of heat, the supports may assume the previous position, but after a few seasons such a fence will become unusable, so for such a soil, it is recommended to be forging, concreting or screwing the supports. For other types of soil, you can use a less expensive and heavier type of erection - driving.
To independently make and install poles for the gate, you need to mark out the territory. For this, pegs and a synthetic rope are used. If a foundation is needed for a certain type of gate and pillars, marking from two sides of the future gate is required.
When installing poles, make sure that the supports are strictly vertical. To do this, you can use a laser or hydro level. The installation of poles for the gate can be carried out in various ways.
Sticking in pillars
The most simple and affordable method of installing supports. Such supports can be used for swinging gates made of wood, mesh or other light gates. For poles, metal round tubes or wooden poles are most often used.
To drive a small height, you can use a sledgehammer. For a higher fencing, you will need to use a special device - a grandmother.
Butovoe poles for the gates
Installation of columns of swing gates or recoiling structures can be made and the method of butting with rubble. This is one of the most reliable methods, which guarantees high strength and durability even in wet and clay soils. It differs in affordable cost and lower labor intensity than concreting of supports.
Stages of installation:
- In the ground, drill holes are made with a depth of more than 80-100 cm. The diameter of the wells should be about 20 cm.
- In the holes it is necessary to insert a cement, metal or wooden pole.
- The space between the column and the ground should be filled with rubble.
When replacing the soil with rubble, it can be prevented from spreading around the supports, so the strength and longevity of the gate poles increases, the risk of a fall of the supports during frost in the abrasive and wet soils decreases.
Concreting of supports
Pillars for sliding gates and heavy sliding structures are recommended to be concreted. The main stages of the concreting of pillars:
- With the help of drill, it is necessary to make holes in the soil with a diameter of about 20 cm. The depth of the holes is 100-150 cm, and depends on the depth of soil freezing - it should exceed that value. In some cases, partial concreting of the pillars to a depth of about 50 cm, but most often this option is ineffective.
- At the bottom of the hole, you need to pour a pillow of rubble, which is used as a drain. Its thickness should be about 10 cm.
- The post is installed vertically. It is recommended to use the level during installation.
- The well should be poured with concrete, after which concrete pushes.
- It takes 2-3 days for the concrete to solidify, and only then can the door be installed by hand.
Under heavy sliding or sliding gates, it is possible to additionally make a reinforced tape between supports. In this case, it is necessary to excavate a trench about 60 cm deep, fill it with rubble and lay a two-layer reinforcement cage in it. The supports are installed on the spacers, after which the trench is concreted. Such a foundation will hold even the heaviest sliding doors in the freezing winter.
Screwing the poles
For gates made of corrugated board, metal, wood and any other materials, the method of screwing the supports can be used. For this, screw posts with one or two blades are used. In this case, all stages of work can be carried out even in the cold and wet period.
To independently put the gates from the profiled sheet, wood, metal, mesh and other materials, reliable supports are required. When choosing the material and method of installation, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the soil, as well as the material and weight of the gate.