Pergola is a structure designed to decorate the site on the basis of coloring and originality in the design. Pergolas in landscape design - is an integral element of the spectacular decorating of private paths.
The construction is mounted on both sides of the track, the top is completely or partially covered with the material. Such a structure is often decorated with entrance gates. In sunny, sultry weather, the design helps to create a shadow on the site.
Beautiful pergolas are used to organize comfortable recreation areas. With a strong sun, the pergola helps to shield the heat, taking on the role of blinds from vegetation.
Board pergolas are mounted perpendicular to the base. They are oriented along the length in the direction of C-3.
If you install designs with an arch in the direction from west to east, you can observe how in the morning and evening hours the sun shines effectively along the boards.
In the daytime, the sun shines on the structure across and does not penetrate into the interior, creating a shadow. Thus, pergolas in the dacha perform not only an aesthetic function, but also practical, helping people and plants hide from the heat. Often used pergola with a bench.
- 1 The main functional tasks of pergolas on the site
- 2 The main varieties of pergolas for the suburban area
- 3 Useful tips for building pergolas with your own hands
- 4 Selection of plants for pergolas
The main functional tasks of pergolas on the site
The household plot today is not only a place for cultivation of vegetable crops, but also a recreation area. It is extremely important that stay outside the city is as comfortable as possible. Any, even the most unprepossessing place decorative pergola can transform beyond recognition. Arch vaulted design, made in the form of an arch, is used as a support for plants that are intensely curled.
From the pergola you can make a spectacular and cozy gazebo. Pergola can be used for a wide variety of purposes. This is an excellent place for rest, tea drinking, organizing celebrations.
Dacha pergolas help to solve many tasks in landscape design:
- Pergola helps to divide the site into certain zones.
- This is a great place to relax in hot weather.
- The design helps to perform a spectacular decoration of the local area.
- The arch helps to create an elegant corridor of plants.
- With the help of pergolas you can successfully zadekorirovat buildings that are out of the general idea for the arrangement of landscape design.
Owners of suburban areas often wonder about where to place arches in the suburban area is most convenient. It can be arranged on the path, behind the house, creating a magnificent recreation area.
Choose a place for the building must be carefully. Properly installed pergola is able to change the site beyond recognition, emphasizing all its advantages successfully.
The main varieties of pergolas for the suburban area
For arrangement of landscape design different kinds of pergolas are used. Depending on the design features, shape and type of material used, the following types are distinguished:
Pergola in the form of a screen
The main objective of this design is to close the garden area from extraneous views. This design is often mounted next to a fence or fence. This variant of pergola is suitable for decoration and zoning of the territory.
The building and technical structure, consisting of several arches, is firmly connected by one guide. Such structures are mainly mounted above the tracks or paths and look very impressive. Often, the structure performs the function of protection from the sun or rain. It can be an excellent place for organizing a recreation area, holidays. Under this design, a bench is often installed.
The structure is used as a hinged structure, in order to arrange a cozy summerhouse for rest. This design reliably protects the sun, but not from the rain. This must be borne in mind. These
can be models with retractable tents.
Vaulted structure in the form of a visor
The structure helps to obscure windows, entrance gates, various openings. This idea came to us from equatorial countries and quickly gained popularity.
Depending on the functionality, pergolas can be dynamic or static. Static structures are walled and erected separately. They are distinguished by reliable fixation in place. Dynamic pergola helps to connect several rooms that stand alone.
In landscape design, pergolas can be used in a variety of ways.
The design of pergolas is varied. With the help of pergolas, it is possible to emphasize all the advantages of grown plants.
In this case, the structure should look very easy, despite the high level of strength. When setting a pergola in a dacha or in a garden, it is necessary to take into consideration the dimensional characteristics.
If the design will have an excessively small volume space, then it will look uncomfortable. The fact is that climbing plants have the property of reducing the internal size. This must be taken into account when building pergolas for the garden. If the building is too tall, it may look ridiculous in your garden. Thus, when designing a pergola, it is necessary to take into account the size of the garden area.
Pergola is mainly made of materials such as wood and metal. Sometimes stone pergolas are used. This option is expensive, it is not often found on the site.
Very impressive look forged pergolas. Pergola made of metal is made by welding. This structure looks elegant, laconic and compact. As a rule, shaped pipes are used for manufacturing.
Pergolas made of wood are a popular option for landscape design. The construction is made of wood species, which are resistant to unfavorable climatic factors.
Useful tips for building pergolas with your own hands
If you studied the projects of pergolas, you decided on their configuration, then you can start the erection safely. Pergolas with their own hands are erected simply, if you know the specifics of this process.
The pergola itself can be made of wood independently. In rare cases, the support of pergolas can be made of stone. First of all, it is necessary to ensure the safety of the wooden base, which comes into contact with the ground. This task is solved by using metal cups or a design equipped with special pins. You can choose between two options.
The stand in the support is fixed using self-tapping screws. For this, two holes must be made in the metal cup. Thus, the wooden structure is in a suspended state.
The wooden structure is covered with varnish or antiseptic. Next, the roof is made.
The method of constructing the roof depends on the chosen model of the structure. If it is a round model of the roof, the roof is made in the form of a large web. All roof fastenings are made inlay. This is necessary in order for plants to grow in the future. The main support is made of a bar. In the beam, a groove is made to fix the horizontal rafters.
The weight of the erected arch should not be excessively large. It is important that the light rays can freely penetrate into the structure. Decorating elements must be executed at a high level.
In the spring and summer, all the imperfections of the construction are beautifully decorated with climbing plants. Unfortunately, it is impossible to conceal the oversights of the structure in winter. It is important to competently compare all the parameters of the design.
Do not forget about the regular protection of wood or metal from the negative influence of the environment. At observance of all requirements of erection the garden pergola will serve for a long period of time.
Selection of plants for pergolas
It is necessary to approach rationally the choice of climbing plants for pergolas. It is difficult to imagine a full pergola without properly selected plants. Landscape designers recommend using certain types of plants. Perfectly fit vines "rooting". They are fixed to the supporting surface by means of roots. Such plants include ficus, ivy, vanilla.
For the arch perfectly suited loaches (prince, hops and others), which need a strong support. Often "feather-grass" vines are used. They are equipped with antennae that twist the supports.
Do not try to overly cover the structure with plants. Remember, plants should emphasize the structure, and not completely block it.
Thus, the pergola for the dacha performs two functions: decorative and protective (from the sun, rain). The construction is easy to build with your own hands, guided by certain requirements. Pergola gives the home area exclusivity, piquancy and spectacularity. Any unsightly place with the help of a pergola is transformed.