Modern apartments do not look like one another, as it was about 20 years ago with the typical construction of houses. Now the owners of residential square meters are trying to individualize the interior. In this they are helped by the ideas of designers and new building materials.
Drywall is a versatile and extremely popular product. It is actively used for leveling surfaces, creating a foundation for the finish coat. With its help zoned space, divides a large area into 2 smaller rooms. The device of the plasterboard partitions allows creating a more comfortable living space and changing the interior from the aesthetic side.
Features of gipsokartonnyh partitions
Drywall refers to the materials with which it is pleasant to work. It can be cut very well. Therefore, it is made of solid, decorative walls, arched openings. From it beautiful original products of a various configuration turn out.
With the help of the GKL, partitions with shelves and niches are made, which creates additional storage systems. They are built point lights, mount a backlight, which excellently affects the person. After installation, they are made in all possible ways: they are pasted with wallpaper, frescoes, painted, plastered with decorative compounds, creating a variety of surface texture.
The construction of the plasterboard partition for zoning the room is one of the widely used methods to break up a large area and create multi-functional corners in it. In one-room apartments a spacious living room is divided into 2 parts: a bedroom and a living room. It turns out two rooms from one.
If the partition of gypsum board is made by its own hands by all the rules, it will last for many years, provide comfort and comfort in the room. The original design of the GKL will be the decoration of the interior. A perfectly flat wall, with which the room divides, will create a sense of harmony.
What is needed for mounting the partition from the GKL
Interior partitions of plasterboard with their own hands build of the following materials:
- metal profiles (guides);
- gypsum boards;
- insulating materials;
- wooden bars;
To fix different elements use special screws - screws. They screwed with a screwdriver.
The basis of the partition from the GKL is the supporting structure. It is built of metal (aluminum) profiles, which are fixed to walls and ceiling, connected together by self-tapping screws, creating a grid of guides.
Metal products are well bent and cut using forceps or a hacksaw for metal. This allows you to make them semi-circular, oval and other complex shapes. In the process of assembly, the guides acquire a special stiffness and serve as a reliable support for the future wall.
The profiles are fastened at a certain distance, in order to insert any insulating material into the gaps: minnow, mats made of synthetic fillers. Inside the living space they are needed for noise isolation of different in functionality rooms. For example, a bedroom and a living room.
The sheets of cardboard with gypsum interlayer, used for the construction of separation walls, have different thicknesses and dimensions. Inside the rooms with low humidity, conventional thin products are used that are well suited to bending and get the desired shape.
The plasterboard partition with the door must withstand its weight and constant movement. Therefore, the support structure is reinforced using thick sheets and additional profiles. In structures with illumination, the cables are placed in the grooves of the profiles.
When installing luminaires use high-quality insulation materials and necessarily consult with professional electricians.
Installation of GKL partitions at room separation
Separation of the room into two autonomous zones is necessary for a comfortable stay of several people. In a one-room apartment with children this will create a living room and a nursery. Installation of the structure is carried out in a certain order:
- carry out the markup in accordance with the design plan. First create a drawing on the floor. Then a similar image is transferred to the ceiling. When drawing a drawing, use a level, a plumb, an upholstery cord, a pencil, a conventional meter. In order to accurately and correctly divide the room, when counting, the dimensions of the profiles and GCR, the location of the door, decorative elements are taken into account.
- Before installation, the metal guides are glued with sealant in the inner part;
- the fixing of the guides starts from the ceiling, they pass to the walls and the floor. For this, self-tapping screws are used, which are screwed into dowels pre-inserted into the concrete surface. Profiles for the intermediate wall of plasterboard in a wooden house are fastened without dowel-nails and use large-threaded screws;
- After installation of horizontal profiles, vertical supports are installed. They are located at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other. In t
he opening under the door a horizontal profile is installed, which is fixed to the hanging metal slats. The width and height of the opening is measured in accordance with the dimensions of the door. It will be inserted a box of wood, so the design should have special characteristics of strength and rigidity;
- First, on one side, 12.5 mm thick gypsum board with a wide chamfer at the sides is attached to the installed support structure. The joints of individual canvases must fall precisely on the profiles to which they are attached by screws;
- In the intervals between the guides, insert mats of a soft insulating material. Usually they can not be strengthened. They are fixed by the GCR;
- then sew up the wall on the other side.
As a result, in a large room you get a solid wall, suitable for further finishing. In the left opening, the door is mounted.
When doing all the work, you need to follow the markup clearly. Cut the cardboard as accurately as possible and smoothly, so that the seams are barely visible.
Zoning the room with a partition from the GKL
Decorative partitions of plasterboard in the interior allow you to divide the common space into different zones. In the spacious living room is separated part of the rest room, workspace, storage space with shelves and niches. Here, the curved partitions are made of plasterboard. In the sheets make holes of different shapes to create a sense of common space, and light from the window penetrated into all corners of the room.
Before making a partition of plasterboard with figured slits, the sheets are soaked with water. So they acquire plasticity and easily bend. It remains only to fix them in the desired form to specially directed profiles.
The partition in the bedroom often performs two functions. On the side of the living room is a solid wall, and in the bedroom there is a closet. It is made of guides, creating an artificial groove with the places of fixing the shelves. In such facilities, sliding door panels are used that close the storage space and separate the sleeping part from the living room.
Decorative partition of plasterboard in the kitchen is an opportunity to separate the dining area from the place of cooking. GK sheets make out communication devices. Figured slots on them allow to ensure accessibility to pipes, ventilation during their maintenance.
It is not necessary to construct a solid support structure for zoning the room. It can be hinged: fastened to the ceiling and wall. In this case, the marking is applied to the upper surface and the main profile is mounted to it. From other guides cut out fragments of the necessary length.
Design buildings often have a complex terrain. Therefore, when measuring and installing individual parts, they are checked against the design drawing and plan. The finished images will prompt the amateur how to properly place the profiles, so that the plasterboard sheets lie perfectly, there were no distortions, no large seams.
If the bulkhead is fixed and attached to the floor, then mark the bottom surface. The profile is mounted to it and to the wall. The height of such a structure can be different. In some houses, such a partition is combined with a bar counter or a desk. Therefore, the length of vertical profiles coincides with the height of these structures.
Acquisition of experience in the construction of interior and interior partitions should begin with simple forms. Having mastered the technique of working with GCR sheets, you can start creating complex designs. It is not difficult to make such a construction with your own hands if you have the patience, prepare tools and materials, and listen to the advice of experienced specialists.