Very often it is believed that all Soviet furniture was originally from Eastern Europe. This is not entirely true, because at different periods in the USSR, various factories produced furniture of a sufficiently high quality, which differed in style. Conditionally in style, furniture of the Soviet era can be divided into three stages:
- the period 30-50-ies stylistically represents "Stalin's Empire", for which typical furniture is large, made of solid wood, decorated with pompous and ornate decor;
- the period of the 60s and 70s - the minimalism of the "Khrushchev thaw", at that time furniture became popular, the main advantage of which was the inexpensive price, convenience and small size, for the first time the furniture sets entered into fashion;
- the period of the 80's became for furniture the time of the same type of massive walls, faceless kitchen sets made of cheap plywood with a poor-quality coating.
The production of furniture of the Soviet period did not shine with diversity, but representatives of the furniture family of the era of socialism can still be found in the apartments of our mothers and grandmothers. Today, the restoration of Soviet furniture with its own hands and the decoration of modern interiors with items of everyday life from the last century are very popular. Restoration and decoration of such furnishings for many has become a kind of hobby and a favorite way to spend your free time.
Remaking old furniture
Do not throw out the old Soviet furniture, which is characterized by high-quality performance and durability. There are a lot of ideas how to extend its service life and make it become an ornament of the modern design of any room. The first stage of restoration involves the repair and alteration of old furniture:
- First of all, it is necessary to remove as much as possible all the accumulated dust by using a vacuum cleaner, remove all soiling with warm water, soap and a sponge;
- sandpaper or a special grinding tool to remove on the old Soviet furniture all delaminations on wooden surfaces, cracks and unevenness, seal them with putty, dry well and once again polish;
- replace the old broken hardware, pick up the material to strengthen the holes of the shattered canopies for the doors;
- to strengthen (if there is such a need) furniture legs.
It should be understood that the remake should be those items of Soviet life, which are made of natural wood. This situation for the house never goes out of fashion, so the alteration of Soviet furniture will allow you to get in the interior of the original object made of natural material, which can last many years.
The next stage will be decorating the furnishings in order.
Decoration of old furniture
Today, there are a lot of techniques that will allow any piece of furniture from the last century to get a new life and harmoniously blend in with modern interiors. The fascinating process of decorating furniture of Soviet times does not present special difficulties and is accessible to everyone.
One of the most effective and popular methods is the use of decoupage techniques, which came to us from France. Translated from French, the word "decoupage" means "cut." However, the historical roots of this extraordinary beautiful decor go to China in the twelfth century. It is believed that the first to begin to decorate the furniture carved pictures poor Chinese peasants.
This technique is used to decorate absolutely any things, old Soviet furniture is no exception. The figure is selected first and cut out in accordance with the size of the item being decorated and the composition that the designer designed. As such decor you can use:
- Paper napkins, different in structure, design, pattern;
- fabric, natural or artificial, having a smooth or printed pattern;
- fragments of wallpaper with flat or bulk surfaces;
- notes, cards, postcards;
- pieces of natural or artificial leather with various types of embossing.
The choice of material, design and composition of the future for decoupage depends only on the individual preferences of the performer and the style of the room for which the object is decorated. A drawing that is applied to the surface of furniture can strictly follow the stylistic direction or become a bright accent in the room.
For work you will need scissors, PVA glue, sponge or soft roller, brush, varnish. The process of design in the technique of decoupage consists of several stages:
- adhesive PVA is diluted with water in a proportion of 1: 1;
- from the chosen material, carefully cut out the contours of the future decor;
- On a dry surface with a brush apply an even thin layer of glue;
- Cut out the pattern neatly, slowly smooth the movements with a roller o
r sponge so that the surfaces of the decorative material and the piece of furniture are perfectly in contact;
- apply a thin layer of glue, dry and apply another layer of glue;
- carefully dried and covered with a thin layer of varnish.
Such furnishings look very harmoniously in the premises of the most diverse stylistic trends. Even the old Soviet kitchen furniture, made in the technique of decoupage, can become a pride and an indicator of the good taste of the hostess.
In addition to decoupage techniques for decorating furniture from the times of the Soviet Union, you can use other, equally interesting ways and techniques:
- painting of furnishings of various colors and structures with colors that allow creating the effect of bronze, gold or silver coating, which helps to decorate furniture that will organically complement any style solution of the room;
- technology craquelure offers, using a special lacquer coating, artificially grow old pieces of furniture and give them a touch of antiquity and the charm of the historical past;
- bonding with self-adhesive film is the easiest way to restore old furniture: films that simulate different types of natural wood are very popular.
An unusual decorative effect can be obtained by using the method of staining through lace. To do this, on the surface of the old Soviet cabinet, table or bedside table, fix the lace cloth and paint the furniture through it. The result is an unusually light air decoration.
Restoration of upholstered furniture
Strangely enough, but very often sofas, chairs and armchairs of Soviet times are better and more reliable than modern analogues. If you put in order soft furniture from the USSR, it will serve its owners for a long time and will become an unusual accent in the general style of the room.
Self-restoration of old upholstered furniture will require some experience of handling an elementary working tool, a great desire and a certain amount of free time. To give a new life to Soviet furniture, you should carefully and responsibly treat each stage of restoration:
- Before repair it is necessary to carefully disassemble a piece of furniture into separate elements and details;
- sand the wooden surfaces with sandpaper or with a grinding equipment, remove the exfoliated wood particles with a soft damp cloth;
- cover the surface with a primer and thoroughly dry;
- paint the wooden parts best with aerosol paint (2-3 layers), dry and apply a special protective coating;
- if it is necessary to replace the filler, new elements should be cut from the foam rubber to the size of the old filler;
- To replace the upholstery, you should remove the old upholstery, iron it and, according to its dimensions, cut exactly the same of the new fabric, fix the new upholstery with a construction stapler;
- collect all the details of the piece of furniture.
An amazing decorative accent that will transform the Soviet furniture, will be different in shape and size of the pillow. Pillow pillow cases can be sewn from fabrics that differ in texture or texture from the fabric of the main upholstery, crochet or knit, and hand embroidery on them. You can be sure that after the restoration of the old Soviet sofa, a chair or chairs will be the subject of admiration for friends and a favorite vacation spot for all family members.
The further the era of the Soviet Union goes, the stronger the desire of the modern man to preserve pieces of furniture of the Soviet era and give them a new life. This explains why the designers of the new millennium willingly restore Soviet furniture and use it as a unique decorative element of the most refined interiors.