Lappeared tiles are ceramic granite tiles, polished according to a special technology. Its essence lies in the fact that only a portion of the tile is to be polished, the rest of the surface remains unpolished, rough. As a result, tiles not only get an interesting decorative effect, but also certain qualities.
How to produce granite tiles?
The porcelain stoneware, from which the lapped tiles are made, is a finishing material based on white clay, quartz sand, feldspar and some other minerals and water. The mixture is thoroughly crushed, pressed under high pressure and fired at a temperature of 1200-1300 degrees. As a result, a very strong low porosity tile is obtained for technical applications. It is laid in places with significant loads, for example, in public places with high traffic, in industrial enterprises.
The tile is stained by introducing special pigments into the semi-molten mass. Painted porcelain stoneware is widely used in exterior decoration of buildings as facade, basement tiles and in interior decoration for floors and walls. For the creation of different colors and drawing of a drawing, metal oxides are used.
Performance properties of porcelain stoneware
As a finishing material porcelain has excellent properties:
- not subject to abrasion, scratches, mechanical damage;
- not destroyed by the action of moisture;
- It is not affected by temperature changes;
- with the observance of the technology of laying is very long.
The ability to paint ceramic granite in different colors and use different options for polishing the surface significantly extends its decorative qualities.
There are several types of porcelain tiles:
- matte, polished;
- double backfilling.
Lappatized porcelain stoneware in the range of finishing materials appeared relatively recently and is already in great demand due to high consumer qualities and unusual appearance, imitating different types of natural and artificial stone.
How do they get lapped tiles?
This technology came up in Italy, the name "Lappato" in Italian means "shabby". Lappatirovannaya tile is obtained from ordinary porcelain stoneware by the method of partial grinding. Special grinding stones allow to remove an uneven top layer, leaving some areas more or less smooth. In the process of grinding, each tile is treated with several abrasive heads. They cut the top layer, creating a smooth shiny surface. An experienced master creates with their help interesting effects on the surface of the tile. The downside of this technology is that in the process of processing the tile is somewhat thinner and its pores open. This reduces the quality of the tiles. To solve this problem, special mastics are applied to the tile, closing the pores and facilitating the care.
Properties of lapped tiles
Lappatirovannaya tiles have all the advantages of conventional porcelain stoneware and due to its special processing has additional:
- strength - tiles withstand even not very strong blows with a hammer;
- watertightness - after high-temperature firing there is almost no pores in it where moisture could be absorbed;
- durability - conventional tiles are practically not abraded, and on the lappatrated due to the heterogeneous structure any scratches and scuffs will not be noticeable;
- heat capacity - like any ceramics, this tile keeps heat well, which saves on heating the room;
- chemical inertness - there is no residue on the material after any aggressive substances have entered it;
- frost-resistance - is achieved due to watertightness, as the material that has collected water upon freezing loses its strength when water turns into ice and expands;
- resistance to burn-out - a non-uniform surface contributes to partial reflection of sunlight;
- refractoriness - the material does not burn, does not support fire and does not deform even under direct flame.
All these qualities make lapped ceramic granite a universal finishing material, which makes it possible to apply it practically without restrictions.
Decorative advantages and disadvantages of the lapped tiles
Due to the heterogeneously polished surface, this type of ceramic granite as a finishing material has a number of advantages:
- Absence of highlights. A smooth shiny surface has the property of casting sharp glare. In addition to the irritating eye effect, this property can have dangerous consequences. Sharp glare from the polished finish of the facade can get into the eyes of the driver or pedest
rian and create a dangerous situation on the roadway.
- Lapatized tiles do not create such a shine.
- Smooth transitions between matt and glossy areas create a feeling of softness and unobtrusive luster.
- A certain degree of grinding and successfully selected color imitate the noble shine of natural or artificial stone, creating a beautiful interior.
- The absence of a uniform smooth surface prevents slipping.
- A wide range of lapped tiles allows you to embody any design ideas in the interior.
It is worth noting that, for safety reasons, the use of smooth ceramic tiles in public places is limited even with special rubber pads.
The use of lapped floor tiles significantly reduces the likelihood of slipping.
In addition to the advantages, there are some drawbacks inherent in conventional porcelain stoneware, as well as in laptated:
- cold to the touch without special heating. When used in shower rooms or bathrooms, this can be frustrating;
- quite expensive, although this is offset by a long service life;
- when wet, it can be slippery due to individual glossy areas;
- cutting requires a special tool.
As you can see, these disadvantages are very relative and can be reduced to zero with proper use. So, for example, when laying tiles in rooms where it is always wet, you can choose floor tiles with minimal glossy areas. Paving under the tiles of the electric heating system will make the floors warm. Due to the ability of porcelain stoneware to accumulate heat of electricity will be small. Well and cutting of a tile at will of the customer make many large building shops.
The scope of the lapped tiles
The scope of this finishing material is due to its properties. So thanks to the highest strength, the tiles are laid everywhere in places with great traffic. Most often this tile is laid in public places, offices, industrial buildings. A long service life justifies its use in exterior decoration of buildings, private houses. It is used in finishing the veranda, porch, steps.
To prevent possible slip on the steps, use special rubber lining or rugs from the carpet.
In apartments ceramic granite tiles are used less often, mainly for flooring. Beautifully looks this floor tile in the classic interior or in the Art Nouveau style for finishing the bathroom, hallway, kitchen, balcony. Widely used porcelain stoneware in the design of fireplaces, stoves. From it can turn out an interesting and durable table top or kitchen apron. When calculating, it is necessary to take into account the significant weight of the material.
How to properly care for lapped tiles
Care for granite is simple. It can be washed with a sponge or a brush of any hardness. But without the need for strong abrasives and metal brushes it is better not to use. Resistant to aggressive environments allows using any strong detergents for tiles with significant contamination. For regular regular cleaning, there is enough soap solution and a means for cleaning the glasses for final glossing.
Lappatized porcelain stoneware is a real find for interior designers. Various combinations of glossy and matte parts allow you to create the most interesting effects. The tiled surface of the wall, column or floor acquires a soft muted luster. Skilfully adding contrasting materials and spot lighting, an experienced designer will achieve a unique and harmonious combination of color, light and textures in the interior, and the unsurpassed strength of the lapped ceramic granite will allow you to admire the created environment for many years.