Croton or codaium (Latin Codiaeum) is a thermophilic plant native to the humid tropics of Southeast Asia. This colorful representative of the Euphorbia family in the wild reaches a height of 3 or more meters. Croton at home with careful daily care can be grown to a height of 1-1.5 meters.
Croton is a home plant, requiring vigilant cares. This costly shrub is to be purchased only by the flower growers, who are ready to devote a lot of time and energy to caring for the coding.
- 1 Croton as an exquisite piece of decor
- 2 Danger of coding
- 3 Shape
- 4 Croton: creating an ideal microclimate
- 5 Croton: home care
- 6 Croton's disease
- 7 Varieties of the indoor croton
- 8 Reproduction of the ciconium
Croton as an exquisite piece of decor
The croton room is valued for the unusual bright color of the leaves. Deep green foliage in different plant varieties is combined with rich shades of yellow, red, orange and purple in the most bizarre combinations. Codemia flowers are small, white and plain, do not have decorative value.
A compact croton in the form of a bush or a house tree will become an ornament of a dwelling house or office space.
Danger of coding
It is important to remember that the codaemia is toxic, like most of the representatives of euphorbia. Its juice causes irritation in contact with the skin, the ingestion of croton juice into the gastrointestinal tract causes vomiting, nausea and diarrhea. After any manipulations with the codieum, it is recommended that you wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Keep the codeium away from children.
Under normal conditions, the ciconium, growing, resembles a small tree. If desired, the plant can be shaped like a bush. To do this, cut off the croton with a sharp knife. It should be noted that the croton is difficult to give splendor, because in natural conditions the growth of the plant is directed upwards. Most often the efforts of flower growers are aimed at growing a house tree, which will become a beautiful decoration of any interior. Experts will appreciate the efforts made to grow this capricious pet.
Croton: creating an ideal microclimate
There are dozens of varieties of room coda, but all require the same conditions and care. The home flower Croton needs a warm and humid climate, as in its native tropics. The optimum air temperature is 20-22 ° C, in winter time it is not allowed to lower the temperature below 16 ° C, in summer - above 26 °. When supercooled, the root system of the plant rots, when the leaves overheat, they dry up.
The bush does not tolerate drafts, even in summer it is not recommended to take it out on the balcony. It is desirable that the flow of air from an open window or window does not fall on the leaves.
All Croton species need sufficient illumination, but without direct sunlight. The optimal location for the plant will be a window facing west or east. In winter, you can put a pot on the windowsill looking to the south. The croton leaves devoid of sunlight lose their colorful coloring and acquire an ordinary dark green color.
A constant high humidity is very important for the croton. The soil in the pot must always remain moist. Experts recommend placing the pot with the plant in a wide tray filled with gravel. The tray is constantly poured water, so that the pebbles were in the water. In such conditions, the coding will feel comfortable.
Croton does not tolerate over-dried air: if the pot is located near the radiator, it will require constant moistening of the air. With this task, the above-described gravel tray, as well as a bowl of water (a layer of pebbles) or a special humidifier can perfectly handle this task.
Thus, the optimal conditions for growing a ciconium are as follows:
- the temperature is about 22 ° C (seasonal variations of 16-26 ° are permissible);
- sufficient lighting without direct sun rays;
- complete absence of drafts;
- constantly moistened soil and air.
Croton: home care
The picturesque croton will become an ornament of any windowsill, and the grown-up house tree is a real pet.
For irrigation use only warm, standing water at room temperature. Water croton after a day, in winter - every three days. The soil in the croton pot should always remain moistened, but excessive dampness will lead to decay of the root system and the plant itself.
Care of leaves
Simultaneously with watering it is desirable to spray the leaves from the spray gun. The sprayer is put on the "minimum" mode - tiny droplets should dry up immediately on the leaves, but do not drain down! At least once a week, the leaves are wiped with a damp c
In the flowering season - in spring and summer - the codieum is fed every week with special nutrient mixtures that are introduced into the soil after watering the plant. Winter-autumn fertilize the croton once a month.
For the landing of the coda, you can purchase ready-made primer for deciduous ornamental plants or prepare the soil mixture yourself. The following components will be required in equal proportions:
- sand (sifted);
Domestic soil should be sterilized for the destruction of pathogens: calcify or blot out. Codium is planted in wide low flowerpots. Approximately 1/4 of the height of the tank, at least 3 cm is drainage.
How to care for a young and mature croton?
A young codiary is transplanted every year. Pick a pot 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. The plant is transplanted together with the earthen lump from the old pot, and the nutrient soil is poured. The mature plant is transplanted after 2-3 years, pick up a pot, the diameter of which is 3-5 cm larger than the previous one. The transplant is carried out in spring or summer. Do not transplant the flowering croton.
When transplanting, it is important to ensure that the roots of the plant do not come into contact with the drainage layer.
Symptoms of improper care of the coda
|The leaves have acquired a monotonous green color||Insufficient lighting|
|Croton sheds leaves||Watering with cold water, lack of moisture|
|Leaves hang down||Lack of moisture|
|The tips of leaves dry out||Insufficient watering|
|Root the roots of the plant||Low temperature, excess watering|
|Diseases of the plant: scabbard, mealybug, spider mite||Overdried soil, low air temperature|
Typical diseases of cuneum: spider mites, scabies, mealybug. Diseases affect the cynomium only if it is not properly maintained. In this case, the plant carefully with a sponge washed with a mild soap solution and sprayed with special preparations.
Varieties of the indoor croton
Of the 17 species of croton growing in the wild, only the codya motley - Codiaeum variegatum - and its subspecies have moved into the rooms. On sale you can find the following grades of croton.
The green laurel leaves of the subspecies Gold Dast are decorated with a scattering of yellow spots, similar to sunbeams.
The veins of green leaves are painted in various bright shades of yellow and red. The large leaves have an unusual carved shape. Variety is the most popular among the florists.
With proper care, the leaves of the subspecies Norma please the owner with a warm yellow-red coloration.
Gold Star (Gold Star)
The original Gold Star is distinguished by long narrow leaves of yellow-green color.
Large variegated leaves are decorated with colorful yellow, red, orange and purple veins in the very unusual variations.
This variety distinguishes the special color and form of the leaves, giving the cognome the appearance of the flower.
Extruded glossy leaves are abundantly decorated with a golden blotch of spots.
Types of croton are quite diverse, differ in size, shape and coloring of the leaves.
Reproduction of the ciconium
With proper care, the cognac is actively growing and pleasing with its unusual appearance.
Reproduction by seeds
Flowering croton leaves fruit in the form of seeds. The latter before planting is placed in a special nutritious mixture that stimulates growth. A ready-made stimulant can be purchased at a specialized store or use home remedies.
Seeds are simply soaked in aloe juice. 5-6 drops of vitamin C and B (B1, B6, B12) are diluted in a liter of water. Soaked seeds are planted in the soil, close the container with a film and wait for the germination of the grains. Propagation of croton seeds in winter, in January-February.
Reproduction by a handle
A more common method of breeding the ciconium. In the spring, while the croton did not begin to bloom, a knife tip cut into a 11-15 cm long cut with a sharp knife. The cut was washed in warm water to wash off the toxic milky juice and dried in air. The leaves are tied in a bundle to avoid moisture loss.
The tied knife is planted in a pot with soil (see above). The container, along with the shoot, is covered with a film and placed in a warm place. About a month later the stem will take root.