Cones are truly unique natural material, suitable for creativity. He enjoys the greatest popularity among children of school and preschool age, but it is often possible to find crafts made of cones and from serious masters, designers. With the help of cones you can make a beautiful souvenir gift, an ornament for a summer residence and a garden and just transform the interior, creating a mood for it. All that is needed is fantasy and, of course, the lumps themselves and other additional materials.
Acquaintance with the material
To achieve the best result, before you start creating crafts made of cones and chestnuts, you need to familiarize yourself with the material. To study its properties. To do this, just walk in the woods, at the dacha or in the park and collect the fallen cones from the trees.
Compared with other materials, artifacts made from pine cones are notable for their ecological compatibility. They have a pleasant coniferous flavor. In addition, they can be collected for free, which is an indisputable advantage in the manufacture of Christmas toys, souvenirs, handicrafts.
To achieve the best result, before you start making beautiful crafts of cones, you need to familiarize yourself with other of their properties. The main one is the variability of form.
We change the shape of the cone
Depending on the ambient temperature (season of the year), cones are able to change their shape. In the cold they are closed, in the warmth - they are opened. If you have only open cones and the necessary closed ones (or vice versa), then it is not necessary to wait for the season change or to stray through the forest in search of the necessary, ideal form. You can change it yourself. For this:
- Choose any pine cone or pine cone.
- Prepare a container with warm water.
- Lower the cones into it for 1-5 hours (depending on the quality of the material used and the water temperature).
- As soon as the "feathers" become flexible, you need to get a bump out of the water.
- Give it the right shape, fix it with a string or an elastic band.
- Dry to dry completely at room temperature.
So you can give the bumps the shape you need. It is not obligatory to cover or open "feathers". You can give them an unusual position, look.
We fix the cone shape
To subsequently (after the manufacture of the craft) the cones did not begin to deform, you can fix their shape. To do this you need:
- Choose the lump of the desired shape.
- Put it in a warm solution of carpentry glue for 30 seconds.
- Get it and dry it naturally.
The procedure does not affect the appearance of the material. But after it the cone is not threatened by any deformation and fluctuations in the surrounding temperature - all artifacts made from natural material will remain as you planned them.
The simplest are considered to be handicrafts made of cones for children. To produce them, a minimum of materials (including additional materials) is required, and the process itself will not take much time - an important fact when working together with adults. Some do not have time to get tired, and others are bored.
The first thing to do is determine the type of work. Will it be a figurine, a toy (from solid cones) or a three-dimensional picture (of chopped cones) using herbarium, sparkles, etc.
Simple handicrafts made of cones help the child to get better acquainted with the surrounding world, learn how to work with natural materials, create something new.
Volumetric pictures-crafts made of cones and leaves are considered one of the simplest. For manufacturing, it is necessary to prepare the substrate on which the image will be glued. It is best to use cardboard or other dense material for this.
On dense cardboard you can paste colored paper, paint it with paints, markers or pencils. Crafts from cones and acorns in the form of voluminous paintings are very popular not only among beginners, but also professional masters.
Before you start, make a sketch of the picture. Draw an owl (if necessary, you can use ready-made images from the Internet). Determine the position of the bird and its location in the picture: center, side, on a branch, in flight, etc.
To make a three-dimensional picture, crafts made from fir cones "owl" will need:
- Several cedar cones.
- Paints, markers, pencils, sequins, dry leaves, go acorns.
- PVA glue.
- Heavy-duty A4 cardboard.
First, it is necessary to accurately designate the outline of the owl directly on a working basis - a previously prepared background, but it is not necessary to paint it in advance. You can do it later.
Next, you need to split several cones into separate components. After that, immediately sort the received materials as you like. For example, the length of the "feathers" or their color.
For convenience, the method of making an owl craft in full-face (when the bird looks directly at the viewer) will be described further.
Body and wings
Before you make the body of an owl, you need to carefully study the bird photos, the location of the feathers. After this, the identical "feathers" of peeled cones are taken and laid out vertically strictly in several rows to the very bottom (paws).
Similarly, but slightly spreads the wings (they can be opened or folded behind the back).
At this stage, it is important to make sure that the feathers are lush. For this purpose, only one part of the pen is glued, the second remains elevated, thereby creating a volume.
Owl eyes - the most important stage in the manufacture of crafts of cones with their own hands. They should be moderately large and aligned exactly in the center. They can be made from plasticine, and then placed next to each other, leaving no gap between them.
Like large eyes, the beak can be dazzled from plasticine or bumps. So that it does not merge with the rest of the head and does not "disappear", it will be necessary to paint it in the color that stands out from the main color of the bird.
The feathers of the head are laid out in a circle. Here, they need to be glued tightly to the paper, so that each pen is tightly pressed. If desired, you can make small ears, like some types of owls.
If you represent a bird that sits on a branch (which is long enough), then to make owl claws, it is enough to take three feathers of cones and stick them vertically.
If necessary, the owl can be colored, varnished or sparkled, and the background can be decorated with leaves. On this craft is considered finished.
Children's crafts made of cones may not always boast of their naturalness, but this does not mean that this should be neglected. It is important that the child understands the line between truth and fiction. Especially if the main purpose of making crafts from cones and plasticine is to study the animal world.
Crafts from solid cones
Toys from solid cones can be either large or small (for example, a small suspension). To do this, cones can be glued, sewed with thread with a needle or, conversely, cut with a stationery knife.
Do not forget that cones can be combined with each other. By combining several, you can get a funny figure of a snake or a kind of train.
The most popular and at the same time light object that can be made from a single cone is an ordinary hedgehog.
The simplest work of wood cones - a hedgehog. To produce it you will need:
- One half-opened lump (body).
- Color cardboard or thick paper (muzzle).
- PVA glue.
- Sequins, colors, felt-tip pens.
- Plasticine (for a stand or a muzzle of the hedgehog).
The first thing to do is a stand, on which the hedgehog will be. It is best to use clay. These can be ordinary feet or a more complex stand in the form of a "background" (grass, stump, on which the hedgehog, house, etc.).
It is important that at this stage the child shows his imagination and decides how it will be better. Here you should not venture into naturalism. The hedgehog can have an anthropoid form.
There is nothing wrong if the child decides to give him the position of a seated person or come up with something completely unusual.
If the shape of the cone does not meet the requirements, then it can be changed, cut with scissors or pulled out excess "feathers" with forceps.
Further the muzzle is done. It can be painted on top of a cone with paint or a felt-tip pen, cut out of paper and pasted, molded from plasticine.
On this hand-crafted "hedgehog from the cones" is considered ready. In addition, you can decorate the back of the animal with leaves, sparkles, paint the "needles" in an unusual color.
Similarly to the hedgehog, you can make a mouse, penguin and other animals. As a rule, the bump is taken as the basis (body), on which wings, paws, ears, head and other parts of the body are attached with glue.
If the child does not know what can be done from the cones, then suggest representing the beloved animal, the character of the cartoon. It is not necessary to be limited to banal ideas. Of cones you can make a typewriter, little men, a snowman.
Due to the fact that the lump itself is light, crafts are often used as a replacement for Christmas toys. For this, they can be decorated with snow, painted in red and gold colors, covered with sequins.
So, to simulate the snow, the handicraft can be decorated with cotton wool, which is neatly inserted between the feathers. A ready-made toy will be an ideal decoration for a dacha, garden or house.