The use of three-dimensional images is one of the trendy trends in interior design. It appeared with the development of computer technologies, allowing to create and print images with a higher resolution. And if a little earlier the designers were limited to creating photo walls on the walls, now they paid attention to the only remaining "white sheet" in the room - the ceiling.
It turned out that the creation of three-dimensional images on the ceiling can dramatically change the sense of space in the room: add air, visually expand the walls, increase the height, make the view float in the sky. The ceiling in the hands of a skilful designer, like a canvas by an artist, turns into a work of art. This is based on the technology of 3d printing.
Technology for creating 3D illusion
The main methods of creating a stereo image - it's embossed photo printing and multi-level ceiling systems. Often both these techniques are combined to create an even more space effect. Let's consider both methods in more detail.
For printing large canvases, large-format inkjet printers are used, so-called plotters. They allow you to print on fabric or polyvinyl chloride film. The base can be matte, glossy or satin. An interesting effect is produced by a translucent film. The width of the film can reach 4 meters, the fabric is slightly smaller. Solvent ink is used for printing. To enhance the 3d effect, UV ink is used.
Multilevel designs will help you to accurately convey the stereo effect of 3d ceiling. It is necessary only skillfully to beat the transitions of color and shadow between the levels. Experienced designer with the help of the game of chiaroscuro will create an amazing effect of movement, and clouds will float above your head, birds of paradise will float, the starry sky will shimmer or the butterfly wings shake. The movement of air in the room, created by air conditioning or a fan, will enhance this feeling. For the installation of ceilings of this kind, a special drywall is usually used.
Stretch 3d ceiling
It is the easiest to apply an image to an ideally flat stretched surface. This technology has many advantages:
- The stretched ceiling with the image put on it is easily washed from any pollution;
- coating is resistant to temperature changes, sunlight and high humidity;
- stretch ceiling with a relief pattern with ease will hide all the irregularities of the main ceiling: joints, cracks, communications;
- installation is simple and does not require removal of furniture, after it does not need a separate cleaning;
- Paints and paints are produced from environmentally friendly products and do not have harmful vapors;
- such a ceiling will last a long time, completely paying off the invested funds.
Using a 3D drawing when decorating a stretch ceiling, it is necessary to remember some limitations. So tightly stretched canvas is afraid of sharp objects and can disperse. All the work should be trusted only by professionals who comply with all technology. Otherwise, such troubles as sagging of the ceiling, uneven joints, an unpleasant smell from poor-quality materials are likely. It is also better for specialists to entrust the installation of a lighting system, since the power of luminaires for this type of ceiling is limited.
Very popular stretch ceilings with a 3D effect in the form of a starry sky, clouds on blue skies, tropical flowers and butterflies, bright fruits. Also your ceiling can become a wall or the bottom of a huge pool, if you decorate it with the image of dolphins, sea stars, ocean algae. Unusually look abstractions, geometric patterns, various symbols, ornaments.
To decorate the ceiling, you can use your own photos and drawings. In a small room with relatively low ceilings, it would be better to look at a small drawing that does not occupy the entire ceiling. In the selection of images there are no restrictions, but it must be remembered that too bright colors and stormy subjects will tire and negatively affect the psychological state.
Suspended 3d-ceiling from PVC panels
3D printing is widely used on PVC panels. Panels have excellent hygienic properties, which allows them to be used without restrictions in specialized premises: swimming pools, bathrooms, in medical institutions. Cleverly selected 3d drawing on the ceiling panels will create the necessary atmosphere:
- fill the air and visually increase the pool space;
- will add a sea color to the bathroom ceiling;
- stories from favorite fairytales and cartoons will help small patients cope with the excitement on examination by a doctor or with medical manipulations;
- properly selected colors on the ceiling from PVC panels in the kitchen will create a sense of purity and freshness.
Plasterboard ceilings in three-dimensional design
It is from gypsum board that you can create a figure of any complexity on the ceiling. Work with GKL - gipsokartonnymi sheets - requires certain skills and abilities. In the finished structure there should be no visible crevices, joints, irregularities. To create a beautiful ceiling, you also need creative and spatial thinking, design skills, accurate calculation, the artist's flair.
To create a 3D ceiling from gypsum board it is advisable to take into account that only high-ceilinged rooms are suitable for design, since in the process of work the height can decrease by another 30-50 cm. Although there are certain tricks with which the ceiling will visually increase.
For a complex design of rooms with curvilinear structures use a special drywall, which is called design. In its composition, instead of cardboard, glass fiber mesh is introduced, which allows to bend the sheet as you like. Compared to conventional GKL, the design is thinner and lighter, although more expensive. Its use makes it possible not only to greatly simplify the work, but also to create with its help real masterpieces.
At the beginning of the work, sketches are sketched on paper, then they are transferred to a special program that allows you to see the finished product taking into account the light sources. Then sketch the sketch on the ceiling and mount the frame of the future product using a metal profile. At the same time, they are engaged in the installation of lighting devices. Finally, the main material is cut and screwed. On the finished ceiling of gypsum cardboard is installed tensioning with applied photographic printing.
3d wallpapers on the ceiling
Dense laminated paper is used as the basis for photo wallpapers on the ceiling with 3d pattern. It is much cheaper than textile fabrics. For greater strength, linen or silk yarns or polypropylene fibers are added to the paper substrate. 3d wallpaper in the presence of certain skills can be glued on their own or entrust the work to the master.
In construction shops there is a large selection of ready-made photo wallpapers on the ceiling, but if you want, you can order a print on your own sketches or photos. Printed on an individual order 3d wallpapers will cost a little more than finished factory analogs, but the design of the room will be unique.
The ceiling with 3d pattern can become a real work of art and for a long time bring emotions of joy and kindness. It is only necessary that it be combined with the style of the whole apartment, office, cafe, shop or the whole building. To create a true masterpiece, it is better to refer to specialists with high artistic taste and work experience.