If you do not want the cooking of a dinner, dinner, and even more so a festive banquet has turned into a real torture, you should take care of purchasing a good kitchen inventory. Tableware, appliances and accessories for the kitchen can greatly facilitate the life of its owner, make it much more comfortable.
One of the main elements of working in the kitchen is a kitchen knife. It would seem that it could be easier? But not every landlady knows how to choose the right kitchen knives, what they are and why to use one or another kind.
Especially for you, we have prepared a selection of the main types of kitchen knives and their appointments with photos and brief characteristics. Let's try to figure out which ones are really needed in the kitchen, and which ones will only come in handy occasionally and just take a superfluous place.
Main types of kitchen knives
Despite all the diversity, the main cook's troika are considered to be three knives, without which the cooking process is extremely difficult and labor-intensive. Let's consider each knife in more detail.
Cook chef. A universal tool that can replace most other knives - except, perhaps, a bread knife. However, many cooks manage only for them - a matter of technology. A large enough heavy knife, despite its size, is easy to use. Shredding vegetables, slicing meat, cleaning fruits ... All this is easy to do chef's chef-knife.
A wide blade length of eighteen to twenty-five centimeters should be perfectly sharpened and strong enough. Strength is necessary for working with frozen foods.
Given that the quality of this knife has always been the highest requirements, we have prepared for you the top-7 of the best chef knives.
Another important component of the "big three" - bread knife with a serrated blade. The length of such a knife is about twenty-one centimeters. Its characteristic feature is a saw blade similar to a saw blade, processed by the method of silvery sharpening. In a special way, the serrated blade easily cuts the bread pulp, but does not crush it.
The last mandatory tool is a small a knife for cleaning vegetables, with a blade about seven to eight centimeters. Small sizes make it convenient to hold it in your hand and thoroughly clean potatoes, zucchini and other vegetables or fruits - something that it is difficult to handle larger knives.
Popular Knife Types
Of course, this is not all types of knives for use in the kitchen. If you go to a special chef shop, the variety of knives will amaze you. We suggest to study in more detail those of them that can become a successful addition to the basic chef's troika.
Perhaps, in the first place on this list should be universal knife, which is practically in every house. The blade of the classical form usually reaches fifteen centimeters. This knife is suitable for meat and vegetables. It is easy to work with and requires no special skills.
However, with a soft or, on the contrary, too hard products, such a knife can not cope.
Few people know that the potato peeler available in almost every home is actually also a kind of knife. Vegetable knife-peeler, if you use the official terminology, thanks to two turned to each other blade, very convenient for cleaning vegetables and fruits from the skin. Floating blades provide extra ergonomics - the hand from such a knife gets tired much less than if you were trying to peel potatoes or apples with an ordinary knife.
Another useful knife - kitchen hatchet. A wide square blade up to eighteen centimeters long is indispensable for cutting meat. Due to its high strength, it makes it easy to cut large pieces of meat, including frozen ones.
Interesting and its peculiarity: if the majority of knives need to be cut along the product, such an ax should be lowered in depth.
Important: if you decide to purchase a kitchen hatchet, pay attention to the handle! It should be comfortable and not slip in the hand - otherwise you may be injured.
For non-professional home cooking is not superfluous to buy a small sandwich knife with a slightly rounded shape of the blade. Who among us does not like making a couple of sandwiches for breakfast or for evening tea?
The peculiar shape of such a knife will allow you to easily spread butter and other soft products on bread: pastes, melted cheese, soft curd or mousse, jam ...
A wide blade eight centimeters long will make it much easier for you to prepare sandwiches.
Useful in the kitchen and loin knife with a narrow and long blade of twenty centimeters. The shape of the knife and the tip raised up help to easily mend the fish, separating the fillets from the bone, cut the meat into thin slices. But be careful: this knife is not suitable for solid foods, so avoid cutting frozen meat or fish.
Japanese knife-knife not too popular with us. Strangely enough, this handy wide knife is not very famous. But Americans have long appreciated it - many professional chefs are switching from chef-knives to santoku. And in almost every house you can find such a model.
Thanks to the lowered point, the knife is ergonomic than its chef-analog. It is convenient for cutting meat or shredding. The point allows you to filigree cut even the most capricious products, including bread.
Another little popular knife is useful to many cheese lovers. It is called - cheese. Use it better for soft varieties - with a solid handle and versatile or a chef's knife. Grooves or holes on the blade of the knife allow you to cut the soft cheese, avoiding its deformation and sticking. Pleasant bonus - on the tip of such a knife is often located a small fork, for accurate carrying of cheese on a plate.
If you really like to cook, without being afraid of experiments and non-standard dishes, you should be interested in the following types of knives. They are not so often used in the home kitchen, but can greatly facilitate the life of the cook enthusiast.
For fans of stuffed vegetables, no doubt, useful cavity cutting knife. The oval shape of the blade looks unusual, but you should take it in hand, you will understand all the convenience. The pointed edge allows you to quickly remove the pulp from zucchini, eggplant and other vegetables. If you want, you can prepare for the stuffing, even pieces of meat - but for this it will be more convenient to slightly freeze them.
Another interesting model - a knife for cucumbers. However, with its help you can quickly cut into thin, neat slices any solid vegetables or fruits. seven parallel blades ensure the clarity and accuracy of the line, and therefore your plate with fruit or vegetable sliced will look perfect.
Interesting in the use and so-called knife-cut.A semicircular blade is crowned with two hammers. Work with him is offered with both hands. Such a knife is suitable for cooking chopped steaks, fast shredding a lot of meat or vegetables and so on.
A knife is often used in a professional kitchen, but amateurs are afraid of it. And in vain. Yes, working with a cut requires certain skills - but after spending a couple of hours training, you'll notice how much easier it was to work with chopped products.
The popularity of Japanese cuisine could not but affect the market of kitchen appliances in Russia. If you like sushi bars, why not try to cook their menus at home? Kitchen sashimi knife thanks to a flexible long blade (about twenty centimeters) will allow to cut salmon and any other fish with thin, almost transparent slices. Your sushi will look perfect!
The eternal competitor of sushi is pizza. Fans of hot flat cakes with cheese are familiar with attempts to cut hot, only from the oven product. Cheese stretches unaesthetically, sometimes falls with the filling ... To avoid such trouble, get round knife for pizza. A rotating blade with small denticles will allow you to quickly cut pizza into neat, aesthetic slices.
Of course, we could not describe all types of knives - experts number up to two hundred. However, we hope that the selection will help you decide on the necessary minimum, which will greatly facilitate the cooking process and make the work in the kitchen quick and pleasant.