Selection of lighting devices is an important stage in creating an ideal interior solution for any room. On the extent to which the correct and harmonious option will be selected, the overall effect of the design depends.
Today, very often, spot lights have been used in the kitchen, which can complement the central chandelier as well as replace it. So, what are the moments to pay attention to when choosing such lighting devices for yourself?
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage - creating a soft, uniform and diffuse lighting, while one central chandelier visually hides space, creating shaded areas.
An undeniable advantage is the economy of such devices. Make electrical wiring in such a way as to be able to separately turn on the fixtures located in the dining and working areas.
Additional savings will be shown if you stop the choice of LED (LED) lamps.
If there is a need to visually expand the surrounding space or make the ceilings higher, pay attention to the turning spots that allow you to direct light into a certain area.
They can also be used for zoning space. An effective solution can be obtained by incorporating colored light bulbs into them. Thanks to this, it will be possible to arrange accents and divide zones.
But there are a couple of points.
Along with the weighty advantages, there are also minor drawbacks, in particular:
- more complicated installation in comparison with the installation of a central chandelier;
- the need to think over the placement of lighting devices at the repair stage;
- Compatibility is not with all interior styles.
The last aspect can hardly be called a drawback, because today there is a huge variety of devices on sale that can seamlessly fit into any design, both classical and modern.
Varieties and features of application
By the method of installation, the devices are divided into overhead, mortise and suspension.
Mortise models can be installed on tension, suspension and rack structures, while the overhead ones are mounted even on concrete ceilings.
A special screw plate is used for fixing.
The most popular models are built-in ones. They amaze the imagination with a variety of color and design solutions, shapes and sizes.
Recessed lighting fixtures can be completely "inundated" in the ceiling, and can protrude somewhat above the surface, creating an original play of light.
Point devices are used as the main, decorative or local lighting, but note that each such device is intended for lighting about 2 square meters of area.
Modern spots are completely fireproof and moisture resistant, so they can be combined with any finish and placed in such premises as a bathroom and kitchen.
Tip: When installing spot lights in the kitchen, install an additional rheostat, which allows you to consume more energy consumed.
Spots of simpler forms are easier to wipe off the plaque of fat and dust. And lastly, if you are selecting devices for stretch ceilings, then give preference to models with rounded edges.
Basic rules of accommodation
If you plan to use spotlights as the main lighting, they should be located at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other, maintaining a 20-centimeter spacing from the wall.
Device power per 1 sq.m. - about 20 watts. Combination with a central chandelier will reduce the number of devices or their power.
The correct arrangement of luminaires will transform the surrounding space.
A small or narrow room will reincarnate if you place them along the perimeter or along two walls, which will allow evenly distributing the light streams, filling the room with soft light without islets of shadows.
If we are talking about spacious kitchens, the priority task is to adequately cover all functional areas (above the dining table, along the perimeter, above the workplace).
A universal option is the location of the central chandelier above the dining area, but spots are placed along its perimeter and in the cooking area.
Point lighting is one of the most affordable ways of zoning the premises, because with their help it is possible to emphasize each functional zone, which is especially important for studio apartments.
Point lighting - an ideal solution for two-level ceilings. With their help, you can select one level, or several.
And the last.
With their help, the working area will be illuminated in the best way: beautiful, economical and practical!
Using this information, you can create optimal lighting in your kitchen, emphasizing the exclusivity and originality of the interior.