Good lighting of the kitchen is the guarantee of cooking delicious food and good mood of the hostess. There are many ways to spectacular and stylish decoration of the kitchen headset.
Proper lighting is important not only in terms of design, but also for human health. Placement of bright lamps in the working area of the kitchen can reduce the burden on the eyesight, heart and nervous system, and play with lighting, the use of lamps of different colors helps to raise the mood.
Varieties of highlights and mounting features
The most common are three types of lighting the working area of the kitchen:
- External or built-in fluorescent lighting.
- Tapes or tubes with LEDs.
- Spotlights of various designs.
Each of the types of illumination has its advantages and can be used in various variations. In some cases combined or decorative lighting is the most advantageous.
Having studied the peculiarities of each kind of illumination it is much easier to make the right choice, in which you do not have to be disappointed.
Fluorescent lamps for kitchen lighting
The kitchen zone intended for cooking is often illuminated with fluorescent lamps. They are easy to install and convenient to use, while they are characterized by low cost and low energy consumption. Fluorescent lamps work for a long time, not requiring replacement. The backlight of the kitchen set from fluorescent lamps will look great in any interior.
Unusual lamps with different lighting elements are expensive and are most often made to order. In contrast, conventional fluorescent lamps can be found in any store of building materials and household goods at different prices. In the complete set with a lamp there is a fixing material with which help lamps are attached to a surface of kitchen cabinets.
However, it should be taken into account that installation of such a luminaire requires space on the cabinet, in which the bar is fixed. If there are no slats, or you can not find a place for it, you should use another option: to purchase lamps specially designed for lighting the kitchen. They are designed for fastening to the table top and will look great in combination with kitchen furniture.
Installation of fluorescent fixtures requires a different approach, depending on the type of fixture chosen.
Overhead lamps are easy to install. They attach to the surface and are connected to the power supply. It is much more difficult to install a recessed luminaire: you need to prepare a place in which luminaires can be inserted. Most often such a place should be provided in advance, when choosing cabinets. After installing the fixtures, the hole is covered with frosted glass.
LED lamps are widely used and widely used for lighting kitchen furniture thanks to a convenient installation and a large selection of colors. Use not only the usual lighting, but also lamps with decorative elements, with which you can give the kitchen room an unusual, stylish look.
The main advantage of LED backlighting is that the modes can be switched at will and the cold white glow changes to warm yellow. Also, other colors can be selected.
The installation of LED backlighting is simple - you only need to glue it on a double-sided adhesive tape on the bottom of the countertop or under the hinged cabinets. Often, the LED tape is fastened to the bottom of the kitchen boxes intended for storing cutlery and dishes.
LED tapes can be of varying degrees of power - weak and strong, depending on which they play the role of primary or secondary lighting.
To connect the tape to the network, you need to purchase a special driver. It is also sold in construction stores and supermarkets for the home.
The backlight of the kitchen set with LED strip is a practical solution for placing any size regardless of the chosen style.
Advantages of LED lighting:
- Switch-on speed.
The main drawback of the LED tape is that it is not exposed to dirt, dust and water. To clean up the dirt, it may be necessary to remove the tape and re-glue it. Particularly susceptible to contamination tape, used as a backlight kitchen apron.
The lighting under the kitchen cabinets can be made using spotlights. In the shops you can find spotlights with halogen lamps, which are very popular. The light of halogen lamps is approximated by the color spectrum to the solar illumination. For a kitchen room use point-based overhead or recessed fixtures.
To best shine the kitchen, it is recommended to adhere to a certain distance between the luminaires, at least 40 cm. A close arrangement can create too bright illumination. Hanging lights can be on the bottom of the hanging
cabinets or along the countertop, in a visor.
Overhead lighting is often used for kitchens. To install a recessed luminaire, you need to make a recess in the bottom of the hanging cabinets with a diameter of at least 20 mm. Spot lights are great for the main work area lighting.
Integrated lighting of the working area of the kitchen
Despite the fact that manufacturers offer a large selection of fixtures, choosing lighting for different working areas of the kitchen is quite problematic. Kitchen - a place where you can not only cook, but also relax, chat with guests and even eat lunch. One-level lighting can be inconvenient.
For the kitchen, it is recommended to select a complex illumination of different working areas, and also you can use the backlight with decor elements.
Kitchen table with lighting, which has decorative elements, will look unusual and give a certain style to the room, decorate it. For decorative illumination use spot lights or lamps - LED and luminescent.
The use of lamps with decorative elements allows you to decorate the kitchen. LED lamps in the form of tubes or tapes are fixed from the underside of the kitchen set above the countertop or along the edge of the apron. Also for the decor can be used fluorescent lamps.
You can place decorative lamps not only in the main work area, but also in the lower part of the cabinets, on the ceiling, on the mirrors and picture frames, on the panel behind the bar stand, in the cornices and niches.
For the decor of the kitchen lamps, made in thematic style: in the form of plates, teapots, samovars, are perfect. Also on sale you can find pendant lamps in the form of spoons, cups or even bottles of wine.
When choosing decorative lamps, you should give preference to lamps made of thick, durable glass. Such lamps should not only be easily washed, but also withstand the load, for example, if they drop dishes.
Placement of lighting for work areas in the kitchen
Thinking over the design of the kitchen and choosing lamps, it is necessary to divide the room into several zones: recreation area, work area and storage area. The cooking area should be illuminated more brightly.
So, the most powerful fixtures need to be placed above a gas or electric stove, a work table and a sink. In these areas, vision and attention in cooking are more concentrated, and lack of lighting can lead to sad consequences.
The lighting of the cabinets is no less important than the illumination of the work area. To illuminate the headset, you should also choose bright lamps, they can be used as main or additional lighting for the work area.
In the recreation and storage zone, the best lighting option is decorative lighting. Depending on the design of the kitchen and furniture arrangement, such lighting can be placed on the doors of glass cabinets with frosted glass, above the upper cabinets or under the ceiling, underneath the lower cabinets (this light will be slightly visible and soften the lighting); if the table top is transparent, it can be illuminated from the inside.
Backlighting with LED or fluorescent lamps, as well as using spotlights and decorative lamps, will make the kitchen a place where it is pleasant to be and prepare, and will give the room a special style.