Cultivation of aquarium plants is a hobby that can supplement the habitual care of an aquarium and make it more diverse and interesting. The content of aquarium plants does not require much investment and effort, it has a relaxing and general positive effect on the atmosphere that reigns in the aquarium.
- 1 Advantages of aquarium plants
- 2 Features of care for aquarium plants
- 3 Unpretentious plants for beginners
Advantages of aquarium plants
Of course, aquarium plants are not the thing without which it is absolutely impossible to do without. You can use artificial analogs, you can leave the aquarium empty and clean, but the plants have advantages that pay for efforts to plant them.
If unpretentious aquarium plants live with fish, this greatly changes the overall impression. The aquarium begins to look more alive, like a piece of a real river or sea.
Long-stemmed aquarium plants look fascinating in it, the superficial ones make it more habitable. Ambula, hygrophil, arrowhead - there is, from which to choose.
The growth of aquarium plants is tightly tied to the process of photosynthesis - they absorb light and carbon dioxide and instead of them produce oxygen, which saturates the water. Really experienced aquarists can so make up simple aquarium plants that they will not need artificial supply of oxygen, which means no buzz and energy consumption.
In the process of vital activity, fish secrete nitrates, nitrites and phosphates, which pollute the aquarium and make it less suitable for life. Living plants (ambulia, hygrophil, streloList) use the products of the life of fish as a fertilizing and, accordingly, with the right selection in an aquarium, such conditions are formed that it almost does not need to be cleaned.
Many fish multiply, using plants to fix caviar on them. If there are no plants, you can forget about the fry. The inhabitants of the aquarium will not breed.
Many fish eat plants. Natural food for them is more useful than artificial, accordingly, aquarium plants can be used as a pleasant addition to the diet and top dressing.
Diseases of aquarium plants in most cases depend on the condition in which the aquarium resides. The unusual color of the leaves, the holes in them, the general lethargy of the plants, obviously signals that something is wrong, and if nothing is done, the case of fish can begin.
Caring for aquarium plants requires effort and time, but as a result, you can pick them up so that the aquarium can be left for a long time. The ecosystem as a whole (it can combine a variety of plants in it) will work smoothly and remain in good condition, even if it ceases to be constantly monitored.
Artificial plants require less care, but the benefits from them are zero, and the color of aquarium plants of this type is different for the worse. It is much more reasonable to get a living.
Features of care for aquarium plants
To understand how to care for aquarium plants, it is enough to recall what is needed for a comfortable existence for their earthly brethren. It:
Must be coarse grained. Put it better in a thick layer, so that the plants had something to take root. It will be introduced fertilizer for aquarium plants, it will also ensure that the fish will not tear them out and eat them. In the soil, plants will be planted, it should be done carefully, digging out a sufficiently deep pit beforehand so that the roots can lie down in it without crushing.
For aquarium plants, as well as for their terrestrial relatives, it is important to eat properly. Fertilizers help to grow better, protect against problems with immunity, strengthen the roots. They need to be introduced once a month, to the very roots.
One of the main nuances of the content of aquarium plants, because any organisms that live in photosynthesis, need light. Special lamps are used. How often and how long to turn them on depends on what plants are chosen for the aquarium. Photophilous people require a lot of light, shade-loving opposite.
Like terrestrial plants, aquarium plants need to be sheared, so that they are not just unintelligible bush, but beautiful accessories. Do this carefully as you grow, perhaps consulting with colleagues in aquaristics.
Cultivation requires labor: you need fertilizing for aquarium plants, light, care, you need to ensure that all efforts do not reduce the disease of aquarium plants, but still less than trying to grow your own garden. If you approach the question correctly, you can get the most pleasure with a minimum of costs.
Unpretentious plants for beginners
Aquarium plants for beginners differ from others in the simplicity of care. If you plant them and take good care of them, they will grow quickly and violently - so that even if you want to withdraw them will be difficult.
Types of aquarium plants are diverse and numerous, but the main groups on which they could be divided, only two:
- Groundcover aquarium plants are firmly rooted in the ground and grow on it - among them the aquarium plant hornwort.
- floating aquarium plants are on the surface of the water a thin layer - the most famous of them duckweed.
Depending on the tasks and tastes, you can choose them differently, obtaining a variety of beautiful combinations that can not be obtained using artificial plants.
The most popular plants for beginners.
Tropical marsh plant from South America. He likes small soil, a large amount of organic top dressing. Echinodorus differs from the others in a huge variety: even within one species, one Echinodorus from another Echinodorus will differ very much. So much so that a person who does not have special knowledge will not be able to determine that this is generally echinodorus, and not anubias, lemongrass, ludwigia or ambulia.
A plant habitual to tropical forests. Has dense roots, practically does not have a trunk. Leaves are half-hearted, branch off from each other in succession. In nature, anubias usually grows leaves above the surface of the water, because the reproduction of aquarium plants of this type at home is difficult. Anubias prefers abundant organic top dressing. Sometimes anubias even blossoms, but it happens more often in greenhouses than in amateurs.
Aquarium plant elodea
In the translation, the word "elodea" means "water plague". It is caused by the fact that it is very unpretentious in its content, its stems can reach two meters, once it has settled in the aquarium it is unlikely to leave it. It reproduces very quickly, looks like a long stem, from which small leaves leave in different directions.
Schizandra has straight, large leaves, tender green on top, silvery from below. The stem of lemongrass is strong, the root system is strong, in the aquarium it takes the form of a bush, and if the place is not enough, it ceases to grow without losing an attractive appearance.
Schisandra is suitable for an aquarium with tropical fish.
How to plant aquarium plants of this type is unimportant, because ludwigia is unpretentious and can easily take root in the ground, and safely float on the surface. The stems of the ludwigia are long, the leaves are oval, small, glossy. Ludwigia grows slowly, well suited to grow at the back wall of the aquarium.
Aquatic plants cryptocoryns
Kryptokorida - a plant that has a huge number of species. There are people who plant cryptocorides around the aquarium and collect them as things. The most interesting thing about cryptorides is their color. In different conditions they can be of a variety of colors. Green, pink, red, a variety of gentle shades. It depends on the lighting: the more light a cryptocarid receives, the more green it will be. Therefore, if one wants to get a red-leaved cryptocarid, it is better to keep it as a shade-loving plant.
You can choose plants indefinitely, combining them in a variety of ways and enjoying what plants can look next to each other. The main thing - before planting, you need to make sure that the plants can survive nearby, otherwise the chances are that they will not survive.