Kitchen hoods - one of the most important appliances in the kitchen. Thanks to it, the kitchen gets rid of extraneous smells and harmful fumes that can form during cooking. These evaporation have a detrimental effect not only on the well-being of residents, but also on the premises: walls, ceiling, furniture, so choosing the right hood for a gas stove is an important task. There are some nuances here, as each species gives different efficiency for different installation and operation conditions.
Why do I need to clean the air with a hood?
Each mistress of the house becomes the owner of the private office, which is the kitchen. This is a daily workplace for all our compatriots. Being at home, most of the time girls spend there.
The state of air in the kitchen directly affects the health status. During the cooking process, everything is contaminated with food particles, which are separated when heated, not to mention the products of combustion. And the smell itself can bring discomfort, not only to you, but also to neighbors. Scientifically proven that such a situation can negatively affect the appetite and mood. And one way to escape will not work. It is better to immediately catch gas in the place and take it out of the room. Here you will need help extracting. Our advice will help in choosing it.
By cleaning mode
Purification can occur in two ways.
- With the help of special built-in filters.
- Exhaust ventilation, in which air is moved outside the premises.
100% cleaning is provided by the second mode. Such systems are attached to a special ventilation duct or chimney, but this is not always possible. In addition, an additional duct can ruin your kitchen design.
If you decide that it is better to choose a filter hood, you will need to buy cartridges. They will need to be changed as needed. The filters are divided into coarse and fine cleaning. The first look like a reusable metal mesh, they are trapped by fat particles, they can be washed. Many people are allowed to wash in a dishwasher, because hand-churned fat is extremely difficult to clean.
There is an additional filter - a disposable mesh made of synthetic material that needs to be changed periodically. Fine filters are coal, which are purchased separately and also require replacement for new ones. Depending on the operating conditions, the frequency of the shift varies from 4 to 6 months. They look like a container with activated charcoal. There can still add elements of disinfection: cation exchangers, silver, ion-exchange resins. Sometimes such filters are included in the standard kit.
Some hoods have a signaling about the need for maintenance and replacement of filters. Also on the accessory itself there may be special symbols that will disappear as it gets dirty.
To know how to choose a kitchen hood, you need to rely on the size of the plate. The equipment should not be smaller than it, it is better to use it more efficiently to purify the air. There are standard models of this device: 120, 90, 60, 50 cm; and non-standard., but the latter option is extremely rare.
This parameter shows the amount of air that passes through the device per hour. Measured in cubic meters. According to the sanitary norms, all air must be changed at least 12 times a day.
To calculate how to choose the right hood for the kitchen in this parameter, you can take the following formula: the area of the kitchen is multiplied by the height of the ceiling, then by 12 (the rate of air exchange adopted by the SES), then by the coefficient of the potential reserve (equal to 1.3). For example, for a kitchen with an area of 6 meters and a ceiling height of 2.5 meters, equipment with a capacity of at least 234 cubic meters per hour is suitable.
By volume of work
Choosing a hood in the kitchen, you should take into account even such a subtlety as the noise level, because there is a lot of time in the room, and it should not turn into a headache. Among the sounds are not only the noise of the motor, but also of the air, which moves in equipment like the wind. A large volume is formed due to several reasons.
- The electric motor belongs to "loud" models.
- Poor direction of air flow.
- Incorrect hole design in the filter.
- The presence of solid materials in the grease filter.
In modern exhaust fans have a special structure of the blade, which affects the noise reduction at maximum performance.
How to choose a hood for the kitchen by this criterion? Look at the characteristics of the manufacturers.
For normal pastime in the room, the noise in dB can vary from 30 to 50.
Less is better. Above 60 it will be unbearable to be in the kitchen for a long time.
By power output
This parameter characterizes not so much the productivity of the device as its economy. The power of the hood for the kitchen is the amount of electric energy used for electric motors, lighting and other electronic components. The main number of hoods has several modes of operation of the engines. For such models, manufacturers will indicate not only the maximum power consumption, but also its intermediate values.
By the way of management
Which hood is better by this criterion? There is no specific answer, as this is a matter of taste. There are three main types of management.
- Pushbutton (with a convex button).
ronic (non-convex buttons).
- Slider-slider (has a mechanical horizontal switch).
Modern devices no longer do with mechanical buttons. Especially it does not provide for a modernized electronic stuffing. Now at the control it is possible to regulate engine modes, illumination, productivity, if available - work of ultraviolet disinfection lamp. All this contributes not only to ease of use, but also to economic characteristics.
Some models are equipped with additional functions that also make it easier to cook and stay in the kitchen as a whole:
- Interval switch on the device. That is, once an hour the hood is triggered for 5 minutes to circulate clean air around the clock. Power while using the minimum.
- The remaining stroke of the fan. This ensures that the hood works after it is turned off. The time interval is from 5 to 15 minutes. So the air is cleared completely after cooking.
- For the same purpose, the electronic timer serves, but for a longer time.
- Built-in clock.
- Almost all models are equipped with illumination. It does not affect ventilation, but during the cooking process it is a necessary and convenient addition.
As a source of light in the hoods used incandescent lamps, halogen lamps and fluorescent lights (this is a less common option). They are closed with a protective matte or light-scattering glass. The most inexpensive option - with incandescent lamps, but appliances with halogen lamps are more economical because of the small amount of electricity consumed. You can replace the burned bulbs yourself.
Classic (traditional) hood
This is a hanging version, which is installed on the wall above the hob, and already above the hood is an outboard kitchen cabinet. The pluses of the device include compactness. Such devices most often have acrylic grease filters. The main mode is air recirculation.
To better detain small particles, it is necessary to complete the model with disposable charcoal filters. This is the most inexpensive option, in which the smell is neutralized only partially. There are devices more expensive, in which there is a possibility of connecting a corrugated hose. With this function the air will be cleaned better, therefore it will be possible to spend less on carbon filters. For a larger area of air intake make special visors of glass or plastic.
Built in hood
It is mounted directly into the suspended cabinet above the stove. Most often they have a sliding panel, due to which the working area of air intake increases. This has a positive effect on facilitating device management, and also increases its performance.
As standard, there are two motors and multi-layer grease filters. Their price is not much higher than the hanging hoods, so if you decide which model to choose from the two - give preference to the latter.
Dome (fireplace) hoods
Their difference is that they can be mounted on both the wall and the ceiling above the stove. They are considered the most effective in removing vapors. The name "fireplace" they got because their dome shape is similar to the exhaust system of the fireplace. They are also divided into three types: all-metal, metal with glass, classical hoods for wood or trimmed with natural wood.
Choose a dome hood can be in any design, as it is versatile. It is very fashionable now to acquire creative models in high-tech style.
Sometimes the fence part in such devices becomes inclined - it slightly increases the area being treated, and also minimizes the danger of hitting the device.
This is also a kind of domes. It differs in that it has a special shape of the body, which allows you to install it in the corner of the kitchen. Usually, the corner hoods are produced a little, since buying such a hood is usually a forced measure when there is no way to install another model.
Possessing this knowledge, choosing the hood for you will not be difficult. Make every effort, and the perfect device will delight you for many years to come.