With the arrangement of the kitchen, the planning plays a dominant role. Regardless of whether the room will be used for family meetings or just for cooking, more and more masters prefer zoning. For example, the working area in the kitchen is the place where most household appliances are located, and to which a number of special requirements are put forward:
- Maximum free space, which ensures unhindered movement and comfortable stay of several people.
- Good lighting. The local will facilitate the work, and the general will scatter the light, emphasizing the comfort of the situation.
- Ergonomic design. Devices and pieces of furniture, designed to take into account the human anatomy, it is more convenient to use.
Observance of these norms allows to optimize even the most modest space.
Conditionally, the principles of placing equipment and furniture in the kitchen can be divided into 4 main types: the island, the U-shaped, the linear and the L-shaped.
A similar technique consists in the isolated arrangement of a part of engineering and communications. At the request of the owners, the island can serve as a dining area, an additional storage space (thanks to built-in drawers and shelves), and also include a hob or a sink. However, the method has a serious drawback: it can not be used in a small kitchen.
Linear design of the working area of the kitchen is the most common type, it is noteworthy by the arrangement along one wall of working panels, the main sections of furniture and household appliances. Linearity is convenient for people who spend a lot of time cooking, but its weak point is the minimum of open surfaces. Owners have to constantly move from the table to the stove or sink, which is difficult in a small area.
At the same time, a kitchen with a window above the work area will turn the lack of planning into dignity.
Installing a plate or microwave in front of it will save you money on buying an expensive hood, because the window will provide a quick ventilation.
Thanks to the window, the lighting of the working area in the kitchen is necessary only in the dark, and decorating the window with Roman curtains and living plants will make it a focal point of the room.
Next on the frequency of use of steel P- and L-shaped ways of planning. For both, the so-called rule of the triangle is characteristic. According to him, the sink, refrigerator and stove are combined into one small area, located on the tops of an imaginary triangle. And the distance between the objects should be 1.2-2.7 m, otherwise unnecessary movements that complicate the cooking process are inevitable. Although the method has been operating for several decades and remains relevant, it will be up to the owners to decide what kind of kitchen will be.
A significant factor of functionality is the lighting of the working area in the kitchen. Modern technologies offer a wide range of lighting products. The variety of forms and forms allows them to harmoniously fit them into the interior of any style. In recent years, designers and architects are trying to move away from traditional chandeliers as the only light source, combining lamps of several samples. The most successful include spot and LED strip. The latter were evaluated by many consumers who noted their positive aspects:
- safety and durability;
- application in any area;
- affordable price.
The device does not require warm-up time, including full brightness from the first seconds. LED lighting for the kitchen is not only practical, but also beautiful. Due to the variety of color solutions, it can be matched to the tone of the situation, and the possibility of attaching directly above the working panel makes it almost universal.
No less convenient point lights. In view of the mobile design of most models, it is not difficult to regulate the direction of light. The number and location of luminaires varies depending on the area of the room.
Attention requires the choice of floor covering in the working area of the kitchen. When buying should take into account the climate, the presence of children in the apartment, the price category of products and their aesthetic qualities. The floor covering should be cleaned without effort, be resistant to moisture and not slip. The latter factor is especially important if tiles are laid on the floor.
An important task is the optimal use of the entire useful area and the elimination of "blind" zones. Best of all, it's built-in furniture and mobile modules. The same effect can be achieved by applying instead of the usual plate 2 of the device: an oven and a hob.
In a small kitchen where each meter counts, it is rational to divide space into levels. The upper one, located above the working s
urface, consists of storage areas, rails and cabinets, the latter, if desired, are installed fixtures. The lower includes closed shelves and drawers.
First of all, the working area in the kitchen is equipped with the wishes of the hostess. The correct approach to the arrangement of furniture facilitates not only the cooking process, but also cleaning. It is much more practical if all the elements of the lower row are tightly fitted to each other and located on the same level.
Part of the wall between the levels of kitchen furniture - an apron, protects it from getting fat and moisture particles during cooking, while serving as a decorative element, so you should carefully approach its selection. The average height of the apron is 60 cm, but in the case when the hood is above the plate, the distance between them should be at least 75-80 cm.
Aprons for the working area are made from various materials.
Ceramic tiles and porcelain tiles
Ceramic tiles and porcelain stoneware are the most frequent options. Their advantages include the richness of textures and colors, resistance to temperature changes and an acceptable price. When purchasing a tile for an apron, preference should be given to samples with a non-porous surface. Otherwise, in time, dirt will accumulate in its microscopic holes.
Plate from MDF
Plate from MDF, lined with plastic, will do, if the facades of the kitchen are finished in a similar way. Plastic is economical for the budget and has moderate moisture resistance.
Glass - one of the most fashionable forms of decoration, appreciated by many consumers. The panel of tempered glass is hygienic, easy to install and clean. Monochrome or decorated with print through photo printing, it effectively looks in any room. Unfortunately, the material has a number of drawbacks. It is much more expensive than the tiles, it loses transparency after a few years, and only the professional can make holes in the glass for communications.
Stainless steel, once used only in restaurants, is increasingly found in the interiors of private houses. Such popularity is not accidental, because steel is inexpensive, unpretentious in maintenance and resistant to mechanical damage, which means it will last for more than one year. In addition, lighting the working area in the kitchen will make it "play" in the evening.
Artificial stone - another material that pleases beauty and practicality, but the most expensive of the presented. It is durable, well tolerates wet cleaning using chemistry. Microcracks or scratches, which appeared with time, are simply ground, and the fragmented fragments are increased. To create a single ensemble, designers recommend combining an apron with an artificial stone countertop.
The color solution of this part directly depends on how it is supposed to decorate the interior. If the main object is a shelf with dishes, souvenirs or a still life hanging on the wall, it is more expedient to make a kitchen apron of subdued tones.
The latest trends in the world of architecture and design are a mixture of different directions, and the only unchanged condition remains convenience. Despite the commitment of fashion legislators to eclecticism, there are several styles that have found their application in the kitchen interior.
Classical will suit those who appreciate nobleness and fidelity to traditions. It is characterized by warm colors of walls and facades, finished with natural wood or veneer.
High-tech is distinguished by the synthesis of glass and metal. Work surfaces made of steel, an abundance of transparent and frosted glass in the design of furniture, as well as an obvious asymmetry will appeal to fans of futurism.
The English style, which used to be part of the classical style, grew into an independent direction in the 21st century. Its distinctive feature was the design of the kitchen with a window in the work area, wooden moldings and facades, and open shelves though seem like the current housewives are not too practical, but will demonstrate the beauty of dining facilities.
Compliance with all norms in the design and equipment of the kitchen creates the conditions for a comfortable stay in it for all family members, including the youngest.